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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Film (1978). New Breed. Directed, produced, written and photographed by Don Coscarelli. Cast includes Michael Baldwin, Reggie Bannister, Angus Scrimm and Bill Thornbury. 90 minutes, cut to 89 minutes. Colour. / At the independent, low-budget, exploitation end of the movie market, small miracles sometimes occur that could not take place inside a major studio. Phantasm is one such, a spirited blend of Horror, surrealism and sf, in which the presumably Alien and possibly supernatural Tall Man ...


Term used to describe a form of perspective projection sometimes used in Videogames, particularly in those intended for older hardware, for which it could be technically advantageous. Some mathematical complexities are involved, but in essence an isometric view is one in which the lines of perspective are not linear, as in post-Renaissance European art, but parallel, as in classical Chinese scrolls. Thus objects appear in three dimensions but do not diminish with distance. This can allow ...

Sedgwick, Helen

(1978-    ) Scottish research physicist and author who began to publish work of genre interest with "Quantum Gravity; Or, the Pygmy Marmoset and the Prefabricated Concrete Bungalow" in I Am Because You Are (anth 2015) edited by Pippa Goldschmidt and Tania Hershman. Her first novel, The Comet Seekers (2016) combines Physics and astrology in a complex rendering of the interconnections of its two protagonists, who are first encountered in Antarctica, where they witness the ...

Alexander, Patrick

(1926-1997) UK author of crime novels; of these Show Me a Hero (1979) – a Near Future thriller set in a Dystopian UK governed (as was common in 1970s novels of this description) by a left-wing dictatorship – is of some sf interest. [JC]

Daikaijū Gamera

Film (1965; vt Gamera). Daiei. Directed by Noriaki Yuasa. Written by Fumi Takahashi. Cast includes Albert Dekker (US version), Brian Donlevy (US version), Diane Findlay (US version), Eiji Funakoshi and Harumi Kiritachi. 88 minutes. Colour. / This was Daiei Studios' answer to the enormously successful Gojira ["Godzilla"] films from Toho Studios. Gamera is a giant prehistoric turtle, restored to life by nuclear testing. It attacks Tokyo, naturally, but is captured and sent into space. The US ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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