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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
Sponsor of the day: The Telluride Institute

Avengers, The [film]

Film (2012); vt Marvel The Avengers US, Marvel Avengers Assemble UK & Ireland. Marvel Studios in association with Paramount Pictures. Written and directed by Joss Whedon. Story by Zac Penn and Whedon, based on the Marvel Comic by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. Cast includes Robert Downey Jr, Chris Evans, Clark Gregg, Chris Hemsworth, Tom Hiddleston, Samuel L Jackson, Scarlett Johansson, Gwyneth Paltrow, Jeremy Renner and Marc Ruffalo. 143 minutes. Colour, 3D (converted). / This long-planned ...


A fanzine is an Amateur Magazine produced by sf fans and increasingly defined by its focus on Fandom and individual fans rather than on science fiction or sf stories. The term "fanzine", first coined by Russ (Louis Russell) Chauvenet in the October 1940 issue of his magazine Detours, has since been borrowed and used by Comics collectors, wargamers, underground publishers, music fans and other non-sf enthusiasts. A particularly popular category in the 1980s and 1990s UK was the soccer fanzine. / ...

Hartman, Emerson B

(?1888/1889-1969) US author whose Lunarchia: That Strange World Beneath the Moon's Crust (1937) began a projected six-volume interplanetary sequence in the Edgar Rice Burroughs vein with the discovery of a colourful civilization within the Moon. No further volumes appeared. In The Giant of the Sierras (1945) a Lost World is discovered in California inhabited by giants, Dinosaurs, and other creatures. [JC]


UK letter-size magazine; five monthly issues, January to May 1977, published by Shalmead (January-February), Container Publications (March) and Cerberus Publishing (April-May); edited by Keith Seddon. Vortex was a glossy magazine with some interior illustrations in full colour. The first three covers, by Rodney Matthews, suggested an orientation towards fantasy which was not evident in the actual magazine. Issues #1-#4 serialized Michael Moorcock's The End of All Songs (1976); #5 for May ...

Westerfeld, Scott

(1963-    ) US composer and author – married since 2001 to Justine Larbalestier – whose first sf novel, Polymorph (1997), a tale immersed in a heatedly entangled New York, features a Shapeshifter protagonist who seems to match the city, both protagonist and venue being rendered in ways that hint of his Urban Fantasies [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below] to come, though Westerfeld focused first on sf. The young protagonist of Fine Prey (1998), ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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