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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Teed, Cyrus Reed

(1839-1908) US author whose The Cellular Cosmogony; Or, the Earth a Concave Sphere [for full title see Checklist below] (1898) as by Koresh, argues in barely fictionalized terms for the existence of the Hollow Earth. Of more direct sf interest is The Great Red Dragon; Or, the Flaming Devil of the Orient (1909) as by Lord Chester, a Yellow Peril tale set in the Near Future, focusing first on an unsuccessful Chinese-Japanese Invasion the Christian West, and then on a great Disaster where the Sun ...

Barbour, Douglas

(1940-2021) Canadian poet (author of at least fourteen volumes of poems, initially under the influence of Ezra Pound) and academic, a professor of English at the University of Alberta; his "Patterns of Meaning in the SF Novels of Ursula K. Le Guin, Joanna Russ and Samuel R. Delany, 1962-1972", accepted by Queen's University in 1976, was the first Canadian doctoral dissertation in the field of sf. A competent study of Delany was spun off from this volume: Worlds Out of Words: The SF Novels of ...


If the Colonization of Other Worlds is not to be restricted to those that prove almost-exact duplicates of the Earth, some form of adaptation will be necessary; the colonists might adapt themselves by Genetic Engineering, as in James Blish's Pantropy series, or cyborgization (see Cyborgs), as in Frederik Pohl's Man Plus (1976), but if they are bolder they might instead adapt the worlds, by terraforming them. The verb "terraform" was coined by Jack Williamson in "Collision Orbit" (July 1942 ...

Coonts, Stephen

(1946-    ) US author and editor, author of the Saucer sequence, comprising Saucer (2003) and Saucer: The Conquest (2005), in which a young man discovers an ancient artefact – the eponymous spaceship – and must fight friend and foe in order to retain it in order to save humanity. Coonts's Military SF anthology, Combat (anth 2001; in three cut parts, all three together making up the whole, vt Combat #1 2001, cut vt Combat #2 2002 and cut vt Combat #3 2002), ...


Although book series were not given separate headwords in past editions of this encyclopedia (if only for space reasons), a number of brief examples have been added to this third online edition. This is partly for the sake of internal search engine efficiency. The online Search feature gives priority to terms appearing in headwords, so a search for "Lensman" would formerly report the relevant game as top result, with E E Smith himself some places down the list; but the new entry for Lensman ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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