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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Franklin, H Bruce

(1934-    ) US critic, John Cotton Dana Professor of English and American Studies at Rutgers; emeritus since 2015. In 1961 Franklin gave at Stanford one of the earliest university courses in sf in the USA. In 1972 he was dismissed by Stanford for giving speeches protesting the university's involvement in the Vietnam War – a case well known to those interested in questions of academic freedom. His Future Perfect: American Science Fiction of the Nineteenth Century (anth ...

Swallow, James

(1969-    ) UK scriptwriter and author, most of whose books are Ties to various Television series. His first series, however – the Sundowners sequence beginning with Ghost Town (2001) and set in a Steampunk-like mythical West threatened by a supernatural evil from deep Underground – is not tied. Swallow may be best known for his numerous contributions to the Warhammer 40,000 tabletop Wargame, beginning with Warhammer 40,000: Blood Angels: Deus Encarmine (2004) in ...

Marshall, James Scott

(?   -?   ) US author of a Utopia, The Planet Mars and its Inhabitants: A Psychic Revelation: by Iros Urides (a Martian) Written Down and Edited by J L Kennon (1922) as by Iros Urides [see also Checklist below], which in lightly fictionalized terms describes an ideal society on Mars, with advanced Technology and Transportation powered by electricity. Authorship of this text, which is copyright Mabel J McKean, has also been credited to J L Kennon. / Though it ...

Sala, George Augustus

(1828-1895) UK journalist and author, active from the early 1850s, best known as a highly flamboyant foreign correspondent. Of moderate sf interest are two tales: The Seven Sons of Mammon (1862 3vols), a crime novel featuring a totally undetectable poison; and Margaret Forster (1897), in which, disguised as a police detective, the devil persuades an old woman into doomed Rejuvenation as a rich young seductress. [JC]


The imaginations of pure mathematicians have provided sf writers with important motifs. For example, the notions taken from geometry and topology of a fourth and other Dimensions (which see for a listing of relevant sf stories) have the essential qualities of strangeness and mystery, making them an enjoyable struggle for the untrained intuition to accept. A surprising number of sf writers have been mathematicians, or at least have trained in mathematics; among them have been Lewis Carroll, ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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