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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Ruth, Rod

(1912-1987) Working name of American artist Rodney Ruth. After growing up in a rustic area near Lake Michigan, which inspired a lifelong devotion to nature, Ruth moved to Chicago to receive artistic training at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts, the Frederick Mizen School of Arts, and the Institute of Design. Some freelance work eventually led to regular employment as a staff artist for the Chicago-based Ziff-Davis magazines, which included the sf magazines Amazing Stories and Fantastic ...

Parkin, Lance

(1971-    ) UK author associated with the Doctor Who universe, beginning with contributions to Doctor Who Fanzines, moving on to nonfiction books about the universe, such as A History of the Universe (1996), and concentrating subsequently on fiction, beginning with Doctor Who: The Missing Adventures: Cold Fusion (1996). Other nonfiction books include The Pocket Essential Alan Moore (2001 chap) (see Alan Moore) and Beyond the Final Frontier: An Unauthorized Review of the Star ...


Film (2013). Snowpiercer, Moho Film, Opus Pictures. Directed by Joon-ho Bong. Written by Joon-ho Bong and Kelly Masterson, from the Graphic Novel Le Transperceneige (graph 1982; trans as The Explorers 2014) by Jacques Lob and Jean-Marc Rochette. Cast includes Jamie Bell, Chris Evans, Ed Harris, John Hurt, Vlad Ivanov, Kang-ho Song, Octavia Spencer and Tilda Swinton. 126 minutes. Colour. / It is a film which bears signs of travel. Though 80% of Snowpiercer's dialogue is in English, the ...

Wheeler-Nicholson, Malcolm

(1890-1968) US magazine entrepreneur, prolific producer of pulp fiction important in the history of Comics as the founder of the firm which became DC Comics; and author. Death Over London (1940) is uninteresting sf featuring Nazi spies destroying American installations in London with sympathetic vibrations. [RB]

Hunter, Norman

(1899-1995) UK professional conjuror and author for children and Young Adult readers first active before World War Two, his publishing career having begun with Simplified Conjuring for All (1923); during a sojourn in South Africa, from 1949 to 1970, he wrote nothing. He began publishing work of genre interest with a humorous fairy tale, "The Bad Barons of Crashbania" (in Number Nine Joy Street, anth 1931, ed Michael Lynn), and began his classic Children's SF series about the slightly screwloose ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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