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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Wise, Robert A

Pseudonym of Austrian-born author Fred J [or O] Gebhardt (1925-1972), mostly in US, whose sf novel was the routine 12 to the Moon (1961) for Badger Books. This novelized the equally routine film 12 to the Moon (1960) directed by David Bradley from this author's original story as Fred Gebhardt; he also used his real name as screenwriter for The Phantom Planet (1961) directed by William Marshall. / He should not be confused with the film director Robert Wise. [JC]

Tick, The

US animated tv series (1994-1996). Sunbow Productions, Graz Entertainment, Fox Children's Productions. Based on the Comic book character created by Ben Edlund. Directors include John Kafka, Russel Mooney, Sue Peters, Hank Tucker and Art Vitello. Writers include Ben Edlund and Richard Liebmann-Smith. Voice cast includes Cam Clarke, Townsend Coleman, Micky Dolenz, Ron Feinberg, Jess Harnell, Tony Jay, Kay Lenz, John Mariano and Rob Paulsen. 36 20-minute episodes. Colour. / The Tick (Coleman) ...

Scarborough, Elizabeth Ann

(1947-    ) US author whose work has long properly been read as fantasy, but some of whose later novels transcend genre boundaries in interesting ways. Her early novels – like her first, Song of Sorcery (1982), which begins the Songs from the Seashell Archives sequence, tend to lightweight effects; a little later, in tales like The Drastic Dragon of Draco, Texas (1986), the first volume of the Drastic Dragon sequence, a more humane note can be detected; and in her ...

Graphic Novel

To speak of the graphic novel is to speak of a particular kind of Comic book – usually a book-length work in the comics format published in a non-periodical format – but to do so is to risk applying what has become a marketing term to questions of definition, transforming a practical distinction into what looks superficially like a separate genre. In 2004, in response to the widespread misunderstanding of the implications of the term, the artist and illustrator Eddie Campbell ...

Checklist of Abbreviations

Abbreviations listed below in bold face are explained at greater length in Editorial Practices. Abbreviations marked as links also have their own entries, to which the link goes and where they are more fully explained. / «title» – a projected or ghost title # – number Amazing – Amazing Stories anth – Anthology Asimov's – Asimov's Science Fiction Astounding – Astounding Science-Fiction chap – chapbook, a volume of ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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