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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Nowlan, Philip Francis

(1888-1940) US author whose first sf story, "Armageddon – 2419 A.D." (August 1928 Amazing) – published in the same issue of Amazing Stories that featured the inception of E E "Doc" Smith's Skylark saga – introduced Anthony "Buck" Rogers to the world, helping to inaugurate the reign of full-grown interstellar Space Opera in American sf. This and a sequel, "The Airlords of Han" (March 1929 Amazing), were revised and put together in 1962, long after Nowlan's death, as Armageddon ...

Orcutt, Emma Louise

(?   -?   ) US author of a Lost Race novel, The Divine Seal (1909), which begins, unusually, somewhere in the distant future, after geological upheavals have brought Atlantis back to the surface; the discovery there of ancient tablets tells of an even more ancient race, the Zallallah, the entrance to whose Underground world is at the North Pole; the inhabitants themselves remain in Suspended Animation. [JC]

Ōhara Mariko

(1959-    ) Japanese author whose characterization of her own later work as Widescreen Baroque aptly summarizes its poetic whimsy and operatic breadth. However, she has been more influential as a writer on matters of Feminism and Transgender SF, particularly in several Cyberpunk-era speculations on gender ambiguity. Many of her characters are vehicles of constant and exponential consumption, a severe critique of the dangers of hyper-capitalism. As one of the most prominent ...

Phoenix 2772

Japanese animated film (1980; vt Space Firebird 2772). Original title Hi no Tori 2772: Ai no Kosumozōn. Tezuka Productions, Toho Company. Based on the Manga by Osamu Tezuka. Directed by Taku Sugiyama. Written by Taku Sugiyama and Osamu Tezuka. Voice cast includes Kazuo Kumakura, Katsue Miwa, Kaneto Shiozawa and Keiko Takeshita. 122 minutes. Colour. / During his early childhood Godo (Shiozawa) is raised by a Computer, until the arrival of a female Robot, Olga (Miwa), as a rather belated ...

McCollum, Michael A

(1946-    ) US control-systems engineer (specializing in aerospace propulsion) and author, who began publishing sf with "Duty, Honor, Planet" for Analog, April 1979. His first novel, A Greater Infinity (fixup 1982), established the pattern he would follow through the 1980s: a complex Space-Opera adventure plot – assembling the variously published Greater Infinity stories beginning with "Beer Run" (July 1979 Analog) – involves humans from Parallel Worlds, one of ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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