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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Syrett, Netta

Working name of UK author Janet Syrett (1865-1943), whose fantasy tales, usually for younger children, are of little contemporary interest, a novel like The Castle of Four Towers (1909) for instance explaining its Timeslip structure as a dream [for fuller entry on Syrett see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. In her earlier career, however, as the niece of Grant Allen and friend of Aubrey Beardsley (1872-1898), she wrote for The Yellow Book and was recognized (and reviled) for ...


Item of sf Terminology coined by K W Jeter in a letter (April 1987 Locus) – by analogy with Cyberpunk – to describe the modern subgenre whose sf events take place against an Alternate History nineteenth-century background (see also Malachronism), usually an Invention-saturated version of Victorian/Edwardian England, with a temporal real-world terminus normally being a point just before the outbreak of World War One. It is a subgenre to which some distinguished work attaches, though ...

Hornig, Charles D

(1916-1999) US editor whose career began in September 1933 when, as a young sf fan, he started a Fanzine called The Fantasy Fan: The Fans' Own Magazine (see Amateur Magazine), and happened to send a copy of it to Hugo Gernsback. By coincidence, Gernsback was at that time looking for a new managing editor for Wonder Stories, and was so impressed by Hornig's editorial that he decided to offer him the post. At seventeen, Hornig became the youngest-ever sf magazine editor, attending evening classes ...

Llewellyn, Edward

Working name of Welsh-born physician, biomedical engineer and author Edward Llewellyn-Thomas (1917-1984), in Canada from 1951; he held professorships variously in pharmacology, medicine, electrical engineering and psychology, publishing at least sixty papers in his linked specialities from the mid 1950s on. Most of his sf is set loosely in the same universe; his first three novels – the Douglas Convolution sequence comprising The Douglas Convolution (1979), The Bright Companion (1980) and ...

Sternbach, Rick

Working name of American artist Richard Michael Sternbach (1951-    ), born in Connecticut. He left the University of Connecticut after three years to begin working as an artist and garnered his first sf assignment in 1973, for the October 1973 issue of Analog, illustrating G Harry Stine's article "A Program for Space Flight" with interior art and a cover depicting two spherical spacecraft near an enormous planet. Subsequent covers for Analog, Galaxy, If, and The Magazine of ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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