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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Film (2000). Written and directed by M Night Shyamalan. Cast includes Samuel L Jackson, Robin Wright Penn and Bruce Willis. 106 minutes. Colour. / A security guard (Willis), unscathed sole survivor of a train disaster, is contacted by a disabled Comics expert (Jackson) who suspects him of invulnerability and gradually persuades him to accept his calling as a Superhero. / Shyamalan's followup to his immensely successful The Sixth Sense (1999) was a box-office disappointment, its ...


US tv series (2001-2006). Bad Robot Productions for ABC. Created by J J Abrams. Producers include Abrams, Ken Olin, Jesse Alexander, and Jeff Pinkner. Writers included Abrams, Pinkner, Alexander, Monica Breen, Alison Schapker, Alex Kurtzman, Roberto Orci and J R Orci. Directors included Abrams, Olin, Lawrence Trilling, and Jack Bender. Cast includes Bradley Cooper (Will Tippin; seasons 1-2), Merrin Dungey (Francie Calfo; seasons 1-2), Victor Garber (Jack Bristow), Jennifer Garner (Sydney ...

Sanders, Lawrence

(1920-1998) US author best known for the Deadly Sin novels (The First Deadly Sin was filmed in 1980) and for the thriller The Anderson Tapes (1970), filmed in 1971. The Tomorrow File (1975) depicts a Near-Future America on a large canvas. At the Dystopian heart of the book can be found the Department of Bliss (Satisfaction Section), whose functions in a jaded country are pejoratively analysed. Of his many remaining books, some – like The Tangent Factor (1978) (from the Peter Tangent ...


Term used to describe printed works of fiction in which different paths can be followed through the story, leading to multiple endings, and in which some outcomes are considered superior to others, allowing for the possibility of "winning" or "losing" the book. The word itself was apparently coined by Steve Jackson and Ian Livingstone for The Warlock of Firetop Mountain (1982) (see Fighting Fantasy), but has become a generic term for all such works. Two main variants exist, referred to in this ...

Carter, R M H

(?   -    ) UK author who began to publish work of genre interest with "Rotating Frame-Up" as Robert M H Carter in Pulsar 2 (anth 1979) edited by George Hay. His single sf novel, for Robert Hale Limited, is The Dream Killers (1981). [DRL] see also: Gravity. /

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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