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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Alleged early sf magazine in Sweden, described as follows by Sam J Lundwall in the Scandinavia entry in the second edition of this encyclopedia: "There was an early attempt at a Swedish sf magazine, Stella – four irregular issues April 1886-August 1888, with short stories by [...] foreign authors and a scattering of anonymous material that may have been by local hands – but it was much before its time and vanished without trace." This claim was never independently confirmed and is ...

Kuttner, Henry

(1915-1958) US author, married to C L Moore from 1940 until his death; his childhood interest in Weird Tales early led him to correspond with H P Lovecraft and others: his first sale to the magazine was a poem, "Ballad of the Gods", in February 1936, followed by "The Graveyard Rats" (March 1936 Weird Tales). His stories for the magazine included a Robert E Howard-like Sword-and-Sorcery series collected as Elak of Atlantis (stories May 1938-January 1941 Weird Tales; coll of linked stories 1985). ...

Gilchrist, Rosetta Luce

(1850-1921) US medical doctor and author of Tibby: A Novel Dealing with Psychic Forces and Telepathy (1904), in which Telepathy is used for Communication with a land beyond which seems to resemble a Utopia. [JC]


In sf Terminology this is a word so often misused that its real meaning is in danger of being devalued or forgotten. / The term "cybernetics", derived from a Greek word meaning helmsman or controller, was coined by the distinguished mathematician Norbert Wiener in 1947 to describe a new science on which he and others had been working since 1942. The word first passed into general usage with the publication of his Cybernetics (1948; rev 1961), subtitled "Control and Communication in the ...

Chesney, George T

(1830-1895) UK soldier, founder in 1871 of the Royal Indian Civil Engineering College at Staines, a Conservative Member of Parliament from 1892 for Oxford, and author of some fiction, including the famous The Battle of Dorking: Reminiscences of a Volunteer (May 1871 Blackwood's Magazine; 1871 chap; vt The Fall of England? The Battle of Dorking: Reminiscences of a Volunteer 1871 chap) [see Checklist for further details on vts] published anonymously, though the author was soon identified as ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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