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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books


Baseball is global in its impact and enjoys great popularity in countries as disparate as Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Japan; but the sport remains most deeply rooted in the United States, where it is still referred to commonly as the National Pastime (though, in fact, American football draws a much larger television audience). The sport has a rich history in American literature beginning in the late nineteenth century, from nonfiction game coverage by daily newspapers to Dime Novels by ...

Nielsen Hayden, Patrick

(1959-    ) US editor and anthologist, born Patrick James Hayden; he legally changed his name in 1979 when he married Teresa Nielsen Hayden. With his wife, he has been active in Fandom, producing the Fanzine Izzard from 1982 to 1987. He has been editorially involved with Tor Books full-time from 1988, and in this association won the 2007, 2010 and 2013 Hugos for Best Professional Editor – Long Form. His most important and innovative Anthologies – the Starlight ...

Back to the Future Part II

Film (1989). Amblin Entertainment/Universal. Directed by Robert Zemeckis, with Steven Spielberg among the executive producers. Cast includes Michael J Fox, Christopher Lloyd, Lea Thompson and Thomas F Wilson. Written by Bob Gale, based on a story by Zemeckis and Gale. 108 minutes. Colour. / Panned by many critics as a typically disappointing follow-up to Back to the Future (1985), in part because its plot remains unresolved at the end, this film and Back to the Future Part III can properly ...

Smith, Surrey

Pseudonym of UK playwrights and authors William Dinner (?   -    ) and William Morum (1910-1980) for their fiction; active and prolific in the former capacity from the early 1940s, best known for a mystery drama, The Late Edwina Black (performed 12 July 1949 Ambassadors Theatre, London; 1950 chap). Their Near Future tale Near Future The Village That Wandered (1960) amiably combines sf and fantasy tropes as Titterton, a village on the coast of Devon, breaks ...

Miller, Ian

(1946-    ) UK illustrator. After graduating from St Martin's College of Art, Miller became a commercial illustrator in 1970, with both book-cover work and interior Illustrations, some of the latter in David Day's The Tolkien Bestiary (1979). He did highly characteristic work on the backgrounds for Wizards (1977), an animated film with a Far Future setting directed by Ralph Bakshi (1938-    ). Books of his work are Green Dog Trumpet and Other Stories ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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