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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Nance, John J

(1946-    ) US author of Orbit (2006), a near-space adventure set in the very Near Future, in which a passenger on an "adventure" Spaceship is left alone after a micrometeorite kills the pilot; his rescue is co-ordinated through an ironized drama of Communications, as the laptop Computer upon which he writes his seemingly dying thoughts is transmitting these thoughts online to millions back on Earth, where he becomes a celebrity. [JC]

Tarde, Gabriel

Writing name of French sociologist Jean Gabriel de Tarde (1843-1904), whose investigations into the psychology of crowds, focusing on minute (and, as it were, epidemic) interactions among individuals defined through their membership in a group, only became influential after about 1950. His prescient sense of the nature of a twentieth century world consumed by "progress" is eloquently manifest in La Psychologie économique ["Economic Psychology"] (1902 2vols), as first quoted by Rosalind ...

Clément, François

(1925-2005) French author in whose sf novel, Naissance d'un Île (1973; trans Helen Weaver as Birth of an Island 1975), a small group of surviving French officials attempt to re-establish something like civilization on a small South Pacific Island after a devastating war; a trip to Sydney, New South Wales, where they find only a Ruined Earth, determines them to return to the island and cultivate their garden. [JC]

Archer, William

(1856-1924) Scottish critic, translator and dramatist, an important reformer of the near-moribund English theatre through his translations of Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), through his critical essays assembled in Masks or Faces? (coll 1888) and elsewhere, and through his alliance with George Bernard Shaw. He is of minor sf interest for a late play, The Green Goddess: A Play in Four Acts (performed Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1920; 1921), a Lost Race melodrama set in a Shangri-La-like enclave in ...

Martin-Magog, Alder

(?   -?   ) UK author of an sf novel, Man or Ape? (1933), featuring an Identity Transfer of a man's consciousness into an ape's brain, the consequences of which (see Apes as Human) are discomforting. [JC]

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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