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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
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MacHarg, William

(1872-1951) US author, of sf interest for The Achievements of Luther Trant (coll of linked stories 1910) with Edwin Balmer, who was his brother-in-law (see his entry for details). [JC]

Takahashi Rumiko

(1957-    ) Japanese comics creator, notable through being a female author largely for magazines with predominantly male readerships, whose best-selling status by the late 1980s helped to propel her to foreign attention. She remains one of the Manga industry's most prominent celebrities, regularly appearing in annual lists of Japan's highest tax-payers, and hence one of the most successful Women SF Writers in the world. / Citing the satires of Yasutaka Tsutsui and the ...

Michel, John B

(1917-1968) US author and editor of several Fanzines who was a founding member of the New York Futurians, most of whom were influenced by his revolutionary left-wing politics, known as "Michelism". This advocated the harnessing of science and Fandom to work towards a unified world Utopia, a controversial platform widely identified with Communism (Michel was indeed a member of the Young Communist League). He was involved in the early years of FAPA (which see). / Michel notionally began to ...


We perceive three spatial dimensions, but theoretical Mathematics is easily capable of dealing with many more. Conventional graphical analysis frequently represents Time as a dimension, encouraging consideration of it as the "fourth dimension". The possible existence of Parallel Worlds displaced from ours along a fourth spatial dimension (in the same way that a series of two-dimensional universes might lie next to one another like the pages of a book) is a popular hypothesis in sf, and such ...

Harness, Charles L

(1915-2005) US patent attorney and author, born in Texas. His first published story was "Time Trap" for Astounding in August 1948, a convoluted Time-Loop tale involving the working of tremendous forces off-stage and a quasi-transcendental experience as the hero goes back in time to remake the world. His subsequent output for the next several years showed a remarkable consistency in echoing and developing these themes. His first two novels, Flight into Yesterday (May 1949 Startling; exp 1953; vt ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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