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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
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Caspian, Jonatha Ariadne

(1960-    ) US author of a game Tie, Torg: The Possibility Wars #3: The Nightmare Dream (1991), based on Torg (1990). Fittingly, it is unambitious. [JC]

Hernaman-Johnson, Francis

(1879-1949) UK physician and medical researcher and author of The Polyphemes: A Story of Strange Adventures Among Strange Beings (1906). The beings, Polyphemus horridus, giant intelligent Moon-worshipping ants from a Pacific Island, just fail to conquer the Near Future world of 1912, despite their use of "X Magnetism" to power their advanced Airships, which bomb Europe. The influence of H G Wells is apparent in this tale of Imperialism in reverse. [JC]

de Morgan, Augustus

(1806-1871) UK mathematician and logician, professor of mathematics from age 22 at the then newly founded London University; best remembered for De Morgan's Laws in logic and for formalizing the principle of mathematical induction; father of the supernatural novelist and designer William de Morgan (1839-1917) [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below] who was involved with William Morris. de Morgan is of intermittent genre interest for the posthumously collected A Budget of Paradoxes ...

Richter, Hans

Working name of German author Johannes Richter (1889-1941), whose early association with the Nazi regime in Germany has obliterated his reputation. His novel Der Kanal (1923) is derivative of Bernhard Kellermann's The Tunnel (1903) and describes a five-year construction project to build a canal between the North Sea and the Adriatic. The project is doomed, with great loss of life and the eventual insanity of the project manager. Turmstadt: Roman ["Turmstadt: A Novel"] (1926) reflects the ...

Gibbons, Dave

Working name of prolific, award-winning UK Comic-strip artist David Chester Gibbons (1949-    ); using a bold, firm line style, he specializes in the Superhero genre. Born in St Albans, Hertfordshire, he trained as a surveyor and began his artistic career providing Illustrations and strips for fanzines. He turned professional in 1973, drawing The Wriggling Wrecker for the D C Thompson comic Wizard. Further strips with an sf flavour followed until, in 1975, he began work on ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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