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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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van Vogt, A E

(1912-2000) Canadian author, in the US from November 1944, when he was welcomed to Los Angeles by the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society and made regular appearances at its meetings (see Fandom). He was born Alfred Vogt and legally changed this to Alfred Elton van Vogt during the process of applying for American citizenship in 1945. Van Vogt did not therefore leave his native land until his early thirties, and it is arguable that a Canadian solitudinousness colours his work throughout; it is ...

Wylwynne, Kythe

Pseudonym of UK journalist and author M E F Hyland (?   -?   ) whose Lost Race tale, The Dream-Woman: A Tale (1901), employs fantasy-like dreams to convey the nature of life Under the Sea in a recently discovered ancient City. Hyland was female. [JC]

Palmer, Diana

Pseudonym of US author Susan Spaeth Kyle (1946-    ), who has also published occasionally under her own name; most of her many novels are Westerns or romance tales, usually as by Palmer. Of sf interest is The Morcai Battalion (1980; rev 2008 as by Palmer), a Space Opera set in a Galactic Empire riven by a vast war. [JC]

Guitton, Gustave

(1859-1918) French author born Gustave Léon Guiton, of sf significance for his collaborations with Gustave Le Rouge, the senior partner in their work together, who see for details; their collaborations began with La Conspiration des milliardaires ["The Billionaires' Conspiracy"] (1899-1900 3vols; cut vt L'Empereur des Dollars ["The Dollar Emperor"] 1914; trans Brian Stableford as The Dominion of the World 2012 4vols [for details see Checklist]), and lasted until 1902. [JC]

Bruce, Stewart E

(?   -    ) US author on political issues from a leftwing point of view; his Utopia, The World in 1931 (1921) recklessly – in hindsight – suggests that the outcome of the bitterness and injustices that World War One intensified would be a pacific socialist commonwealth. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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