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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Wright, R H

(?   -?   ) Irish-born author, in New Zealand for part of his adult life, in active service during World War One after – it seems – having stopped writing; he is recorded as surviving the war. Of sf interest among his several books is The Outer Darkness (1906), an awkward but effective early exercise in Equipoise. The protagonist, having died, is transported to another planet, whose monarch determines where he should dwell, according to his merits. ...

Yanovsky, V S

(1906-1989) Russian physician and author, in France between 1927 and 1942, when he emigrated to the United States, whose nonfiction deals in popular terms with medical issues. He is of sf interest for No Man's Time (trans Isabelle Levitin and Roger Nyle Parris from Russian ms 1967), which W H Auden, in his introduction, describes through reference to J R R Tolkien's concept of the Secondary World. More precisely, the tale can be seen as Crosshatch Fantastika, intermixing a sublunary world with ...

Wilson, JJ Amaworo

(1969-    ) German-born Nigerian/UK playwright and author, most recently in USA, active since the early 1990s, his early plays and stories being nonfantastic; he has published his academic nonfiction as JJ Wilson. He is of sf interest for Damnificados (2016), set in a Near Future urban conglomeration resembling Caracas, Venezuela, where in real life a partially constructed skyscraper was taken over by squatters. The abandoned Keep in Damnificados is sufficiently complex and ...

Barrowcliffe, Mark

(1964-    ) UK author who also writes as by Mark Alder and as by M D Lachlan. His early novels, beginning with Girlfriend 44 (2000) and all under his own name, are nonfantastic, though The Elfish Gene: Dungeons, Dragons and Growing up Strange (2007) is an amusing memoir, focusing on his adolescent obsession with the Role Playing Game Dungeons & Dragons. / Most of Barrowcliffe's pseudonymous work is fantasy: including the Wolfsangel sequence as by M D Lachlan, ...

Zemeckis, Robert

(1952-    ) US filmmaker whose early career as director and screenwriter was nurtured by Steven Spielberg through a series of flops until the success of Romancing the Stone (1984) enabled him to make his pet Time Travel project Back to the Future (1985). Besides that film's back-to-back sequels, his other major sf credit as director is Contact (1997), which won a Hugo for best dramatic presentation. He produced Mars Needs Moms (2011), was an executive producer for Real Steel ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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