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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Cavendish, Margaret

(1623-1673) UK playwright, poet and author, much of whose life shared the turbulence of her times, who died as Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne. At a time when books by women were mostly pseudonymous or appeared in pirated editions, she was one of the first British women to write and publish professionally under her own name. / Born Margaret Lucas, the youngest child of Royalist and Catholic landholders, she received no formal education but was a lady-in-waiting to Charles I's Queen, ...

Thompson, Allyn

(?   -    ) US author of The Azriel Uprising (1982), set after a very brief World War Three has resulted in the Soviet occupation of America, leaving the land devastated; effective military resistance begins only after a decade, under a mysterious leader known only as Juanita. [JC]

Lanza, Clara

(1859-1939) US author, a marquise by marriage into the Italian nobility in 1878, whose Mr Perkins' Daughter (1881) flirts with Amnesia on the skirts of the fantastic; her sf novel, Scarabaeus: The Story of an African Beetle (1892) with James Clarence Harvey (1865-1945), features a camera capable of photographing the past (see Time Viewer), a scene in which retinal images identify a murderer (a commonplace of speculative forensics at this time; see Scientific Errors), while carrying its cast to ...

Shinjō Kazuma

(?   -    ) Japanese author whose early success came in 1991 with a Tie to a Play-by-Mail game: Hōrai Gakuen ["Penglai Academy"] set at a huge, 100,000-strong school of duellists and schemers, itself on an offshore island that takes its name from that of the "isles of the immortals" in Chinese legend. His subsequent work has largely remained in the multiple chapbook format known as Light Novels in Japan (see also Motoko Arai; Yuichi Sasamoto), a genre in ...

O'Neill, Louise

(1985-    ) Irish journalist and author whose first novel, the Near Future Young Adult Dystopia Only Ever Yours (2014), posits a world where women are raised as breeders, selected for their physical beauty and decorousness when addressed by males, as concubines, or "chastities" (which is to say teachers of young females) (see Feminism; Women in SF). The intense interactions of teenage girls awaiting their fate are at points reminiscent of those depicted in Kazuo Ishiguro's ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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