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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Conroy, Robert

(1938-2014) US author of several Alternate History novels beginning with 1901 (1995), which features a German Invasion of Long Island, intimately threatening New York – but Teddy Roosevelt leads the successful resistance. In 1862 (2006), the United Kingdom allies itself with the Confederate States in the American Civil War after the North has foolishly violated British sovereignty at sea. 1945 (2007) and 1942 (2009) both deal with a Japan less easily defeated than in our world; in the ...

Davies, Murray

(1947-    ) Welsh journalist and author whose sf novel, Collaborator (2003), is a Hitler Wins Alternate History novel set in Britain in 1940 and later, after a successful Nazi Invasion; Winston Churchill has formed a government-in-exile in Canada, while in England the Duke of Windsor has agreed to become Regent. The complex plot involves agents and counter-agents, betrayals and counter-betrayals, all climaxing in the assassination of the appalling Duke in a battered London. ...

Abbott, Charles

(1858-1926) Australian medical doctor and author, in US from before the end of the century though he returned home; his Prehistoric SF novel, set in early America, was The Cliff Dweller's Daughter; Or, How He Loved Her, an Indian Romance of Prehistoric Times (1899). [JC] see also: Forgotten Futures. /


For some six months in 1783 Paris was the Cape Canaveral of the eighteenth century as Parisians watched a succession of extraordinary ascents by hot-air balloons. The first successful manned trip took place on 21 November, as reported by Benjamin Franklin, and it started off a long series of speculations about the conquest of the air, almost certainly the first fictional response being The Aerostatic Spy: Or, Excursions with an Air Balloon by an Aerial Traveller (1785; exp vt The Balloon: Or ...


UK reprints of the US character Captain Marvel published by L Miller were successful enough to warrant continued independent publication under a new name after the original character was deemed a copy of Superman and the courts forbade any further publication. The character was revised and changed just enough to avoid copyright issues, and re-dubbed Marvelman (346 issues, 1954-1963) in the process. Drawn by Mick Anglo Studios, the hero had a new look and a new magic word, "Kimota!" ("Atomik!" ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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