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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Todorov, Tzvetan

(1939-2017) Bulgarian literary critic, in France from 1963; he pursued his postgraduate studies in Paris under the direction of the semiotic philosopher Roland Barthes (1915-1980). Among Todorov's several books and essays on structuralist criticism, all written in French, Introduction à la littérature fantastique (1970; trans Richard Howard as The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to Literary Genre 1973; US paperback 1975 with intro by Robert Scholes) has relevance to the student ...

Death Line

Film (1972; vt Raw Meat US). K-L Productions. Directed by Gary Sherman. Written by Ceri Jones, from a story by Sherman. Cast includes Hugh Armstrong, Sharon Gurney, David Ladd, Donald Pleasence and Norman Rossington. 87 minutes. Colour. / In the late nineteenth century a group of construction workers building an extension to London's Underground railway system are buried in a cave-in. In the present, late-night travellers at Russell Square tube station are being murdered (and eaten) by, we ...

Healy, Dominic

(?   -?   ) Australian author, involved in trade union activities, in whose first sf tale, The Story of a Lost Planet; Or, the Wonderful Submarine (1919 chap), the trade-union survivor of the destruction of Earth recounts these events to sympathetic auditors on Canopus. The female protagonist of his second, A Voyage to Venus (1943), after escaping the human settlement on Venus, encounters a spoof culture of gangster-like Aliens near Jupiter. [JC]

McAllister, Bruce

(1946-    ) US academic, editor and author, director of the creative-writing programme at the University of Redlands, California, and Professor of English there from 1983 until his retirement in 1997. He has written at least eighty stories since starting to publish sf in July 1963 with "The Faces Outside" (for If), which after many years was assembled, along with a representative sample of his short work, as The Girl Who Loved Animals and Other Stories (coll 2007). "The Boy" ...

Definitions of SF

The term "science fiction" came into general use in the 1930s, an early appearance being in Hugo Gernsback's editorial to #1 of Wonder Stories (June 1929). Rather later in the UK, the term was used in Scoops (Summer 1934 and later) to describe individual stories, and Walter Gillings used the term on the cover of the first issue of Tales of Wonder (Summer 1937) to designate the issue as a whole as containing sf. Long before, however, several writers (see Edgar Fawcett; Edgar Allan Poe; William ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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