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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Spurrell, H G F

(1877-1918) UK biologist, physician and author, in active service during World War One in the Royal Medical Corps until his death just before the Armistice. He is of some sf interest for Out of the Past (coll 1903), which contains two Prehistoric SF novellas plus a similar short tale, each set in a different Asian civilization prior to the founding of China; these stories are made available to the modern world by use of a Time Viewer. [JC]

Man Beast

Film (1956). Jerry Warren Productions/Associated Producers Inc. Produced by Ralph Brooke and Jerry Warren. Directed by Warren. Written by B Arthur Cassidy. Cast includes George Wells Lewis, Rock Madison (see below), Asa Manor (credited as Virginia Maynor), Tom Maruzzi and George Skaff. 67 minutes. Black and white. / Connie Hayward (Maynor) plans a rescue expedition to search for her missing brother, who vanished in the Himalayas while on a quest for the legendary Abominable Snowman (see ...

Night of the Living Dead

1. Film (1968). Image 10 Productions/Walter Reade-Continental. Directed by George A Romero. Written by Romero and John A Russo. Cast includes Karl Hardman, Duane Jones, Judith O'Dea and Keith Wayne. 96 minutes, cut to 90 minutes. Black and white. / This unrelenting and downbeat Horror film, Romero's astonishing debut, tells of a horde of walking, cannibalistic corpses who lay siege to an isolated house. Their revival is explained by "space radiation" brought to Earth on an aborted Rocket ...

Ballou, William Hosea

(1857-1937) US author of several mild satires about social life in the American upper classes. His three novels of some genre interest are A Ride on a Cyclone (1889); The Bachelor Girl: A Novel of the 1400 (1890), which features a very fast motorized Balloon plus a romance; and The Upper Ten: A Novel of the Snobocracy (1890), in which a submarine Lost Race of mermen (see Under the Sea) threatens the world above. [JC]

Calmadenker, A

Pseudonym of Dutch-born author, born Jacobus Calisch (1863-1926), a resident in the USA apparently from early adulthood; he changed his name to James Howard Calish in 1906. In his The Mania of the Nations on the Planet Mars, and its Terrific Consequences: A Combination of Fun and Wisdom (1915 chap), tantalizingly, the history of Mars – here narrated at length via an access platform sited at the South Pole (see Communications) – predates by two decades the history of Earth, ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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