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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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The term "cyborg" is a contraction of "cybernetic organism" and refers to the product of human/machine hybridization. David Rorvik popularized the idea in his nonfiction As Man Becomes Machine (1971), writing of the "melding" of human and machine and of a "new era of participant evolution". Elementary medical cyborgs – people with prosthetic limbs or pacemakers – are already familiar, early works ringing the changes on this theme ...

Gresswell, Elise Kay

Working name of Elizabeth Gresswell (1877-1944), née Kay, UK author whose Near Future Scientific Romance, When Yvonne Was Dictator (1935), concerns the election of the eighteen-year-old Yvonne initially as prime minister of the UK at a time of Economic disaster, and then, because of the power of her personality, as dictator (see Politics). In ...

Cohen, Matt

Working name of Canadian author Matthew Cohen (1942-1999), best known for short stories and novels set among disturbed urban dwellers in contemporary Ontario. Too Bad Galahad (1972 chap), however, is an Arthurian Fabulation, and several of the stories assembled in Columbus and the Fat Lady, and Other Stories (coll 1972) and Night Flights: Stories New and Selected (coll 1978) contain fantasy. The Colours of War ...

Woods, Lance

(1961-    ) US author whose Heroic Park (2012) is set mainly in a Near Future theme park where ordinary humans can escape constant comparisons with the Superheroes who infest the world outside. But trouble looms, both in the caverns Underground where the park is run, and in the manufactured New York neighbourhoods above, where there has ...

Defenders, The

US online tv series (2017). Netflix presents a Marvel Television, ABC Studios and Walt Disney Television production in association with Goddard Textiles and Nine and a Half Fingers Inc. Created by Douglas Petrie and Marco Ramirez. Directed by Phil Abraham, Félix Enríquez Alcalá, Farren Blackburn, Uta Briesewitz, S J Clarkson, Peter Hoar and Stephen Surjik. Written by Drew Goddard, Lauren Schmidt Hissrich, Douglas Petrie and Marco Ramirez, based on the ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos ...

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