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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 31 January 2023
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books


It is not a subject that naturally lends itself to dramatic storytelling, but agriculture is nonetheless the activity that has long been the primary source of food for humans, and it will likely remain essential, in one form or another, in the future. Thus, some sf writers who look beyond heroic adventures to more broadly consider the future fate of humanity have addressed this mundane but vital profession. Sf stories about agriculture can be roughly categorized as follows: depictions of ...

Far Future

The dutch sociologist and historian Fred Polak (1907-1985), in De toekomst is verleden tijd ["The Future Is Past Time"] (1955 2vols; trans Elise Boulding as The Image of the Future 1961 2vols; trans cut 1973), identifies two distinct categories of images of the distant future, which he calls the "future of prophecy" and the "future of destiny". Prophets, although they refer to the future, are primarily concerned with the present: they issue warnings about the ...


In the catalogue of possible technological wonders offered in the New Atlantis (bound in with Sylva Sylvarum 1626; 1627 chap), Francis Bacon included more powerful cannon, better explosives and "wildfires burning in water, unquenchable". Such promises could not be left out if his prospectus were to appeal to the political establishment – his most important predecessor as a designer of hypothetical machines, ...

Calvet, Emile

(?   -?   ) French author of whom little or nothing is known, and who according to Brian Stableford in his introduction to Dans Mille Ans (1883 Musée des Familles; 1884; trans Stableford as In a Thousand Years 2013), may be pseudonymous. His text is a Utopia based on the argument that advances in science and Technology are ...


US tv series (2005-2006). Paramount Television Network/Heyday Film/Brannon Productions for CBS-TV and SKY-1 TV (UK). Created by Brannon Braga, David S Goya, and David Heyman. Produced by Andre' Bormanis. Karen Moore, and David Livingston. Directors include John F Showalter, Norberto Barba and Bill Eagles. Writers include Braga, Anne McGrail and Michael Sussman. Cast includes Robert Benedict, Peter Dinklage, Charles S Dutton, Carla Gugino, Brent Spinner and Brian Van Holt. Thirteen ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for ...

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