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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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First Contact

The most common Communications scenario in sf – often but not always Linguistic in nature – involves the meeting of humans with Aliens. These are generally called first-contact stories, and perhaps the best known of them is "First Contact" (May 1945 Astounding) by Murray Leinster. This poses the problem of contact as a puzzle grounded in mutual suspicion and Paranoia, eventually short-circuited by a gimmick solution. Written in direct response to Leinster, Ivan Yefremov's "Cor ...

Lichtenberg, Jacqueline

(1942-    ) US author who began publishing sf with "Operation High Time" for If in January 1969, but soon concentrated on fan fiction set in the Open Universe permitted by the owners of Star Trek; Star Trek Lives! (1975) with Sondra Marshak and Joan Winston is a famous nonfiction description of the early days of Star Trek fandom. Her first book was House of Zeor (1974), the initial volume of the Sime/Gen sequence, also an open-universe series, which continued with Unto Zeor, ...

Stine, Jean Marie

Working name of the US author, born Henry Eugene Stine (1945-    ), whose name was legally changed to Jean Marie Stine and who has published under the surname Stine throughout. Season of the Witch (1968) as Hank Stine interestingly blends sf and erotica in the story of a man biologically transformed into a woman as a punishment for rape and murder, but who eventually finds her/his true role and contentment as a transsexual (see Transgender SF); it was filmed as Memory Run ...

Buck, Doris Pitkin

(1898-1980) US English instructor and author of short fiction and poetry only, sometimes signing herself Doris P Buck and almost exclusively associated with The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction. Her first sf publication was "Aunt Agatha" (October 1952 F&SF); she continued to publish stories until 1975 and poems until 1981. No collection has appeared. Buck was a founding member of Science Fiction Writers of America. The still unpublished tale "Cacophony in Pink and Ochre" has long ...

Friedman, C S

(1957-    ) US costume designer (until 1996) and author who sometimes writes as Celia or Celia S Friedman; much of her work is fantasy. Her first fiction, though, the Azean Empire sequence comprising In Conquest Born (1987) and The Wilding (2004), is a far-flung interstellar Space Opera; Planetary Romance elements surface when the two main vying civilizations – the Azeans (who specialize in mind-controlled Weapons including Telepathy) and the high-tech warrior Braxins ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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