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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Elliott, Sumner Locke

(1917-1991) Australian-born actor, playwright, television scriptwriter and author, resident in the USA from 1948 – after a conflict with the notorious 1940s Australian censorship regime, due to the use of the word "fuck" in his play about soldiers at war, Rusty Bugles (performed 1948; 1980) – becoming a US citizen in 1955. There is no entry on Elliott in the Australian Dictionary of Biography. Several of his novels, usually with Australian settings, were televised. Edens Lost (1969) ...


It is easy to concur with the adage that California was not so much discovered as invented: that California is, therefore, pure sf. Certainly, with the possible exception of the legend of El Dorado, there is little before 1800 that provides grist for the imagination, or adumbrates the state to come; the City of Gold itself was usually located deep in Latin America, as numerous Lost World novels continued to attest for a century or more. The first significant fantastic use of California may be ...

Matiasz, G A

(1952-    ) US journalist and author, active in the former capacity from the 1970s, best known for his column as by Lefty Hooligan in Maximum Rocknroll from 1992 to 2020. His first novel, End Time: Notes on the Apocalypse (1994), is set in a Near Future world dominated by an America in thrall to its corporations and attempting to crush revolts across the planet; a group of antiwar students, in possession of a secret Weapon, declare the independence of the City of Oakland ...

Brunngraber, Rudolf

(1901-1960) German industrial designer and author, active for many years. In his sf novel Radium: Roman eines Elements (1936; trans Eden and Cedar Paul 1937), a near-contemporary corner on the radium market (see Elements) causes Near Future troubles in a hospital using it as a Medicine to cure cancer. He also wrote the script for the film 1 April 2000 (1952), which speculates melodramatically on the day – that is, 1 April 2000 – when Austria may be given full independence. [JC]

Torday, Piers

(?   -    ) UK author whose very Young Adult Near Future Dystopian Last Wild sequence comprising The Last Wild (2013), The Dark Wild (2014) and The Wild Beyond (2015) focuses on the attempts of a mute Telepathic boy and his companions to save the last animals at a time when Homo sapiens has come very close to exterminating all other species. There May Be a Castle (2016), a fantasy for younger children, explores similar territory. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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