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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 August 2022
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Role Playing Game (1976). Flying Buffalo. Designed by Ken St. Andre. / Starfaring was the first Role Playing Game to be set in a Space Opera universe. Its milieu includes such iconic features of the subgenre as Faster Than Light travel, intelligent Aliens, hostile Robots, Androids and Psionics; explicit references are made to Anne McCaffrey's The Ship Who Sang (coll of linked stories 1969) and Fred Saberhagen's Berserkers. The tone is broadly comic, illustrated by cartoons of the kind found ...


Film (1998). Warner Brothers pictures in association with Morgan Creek, JW Productions, and Impact Pictures. Directed by Paul W S Anderson. Written by David Webb Peoples. Cast includes Gary Busey, Jason Isaacs, Jason Scott Lee, Connie Nielsen and Kurt Russell. 99 minutes. Colour. / Expectations were high for this lavishly budgeted followup to Blade Runner (1982), scripted by that film's co-writer and set, to no apparent purpose, in the colony worlds (see Colonization of Other Worlds) ...

Scientist [music]

Working name of Jamaican reggae engineer/producer Hopeton Overton Brown (1960-    ). Initially working as an engineer at Studio One, he subsequently joined King Tubby's studio, then – in 1982 – Channel One. Scientist engineered many reggae tracks, but in the 1980s also began releasing dub albums, some of genre interest (see SF Music). / From the late 1960s the B-sides of Jamaican reggae singles would often be instrumental versions of the A-sides. However, ...

Kinder, Stephen

(1857-1917) US railwayman and author of Dutch descent. In his sf novel, The Sabertooth: A Romance of Put-In-Bay (1902), a Wandering Jew-like survivor from the last Ice age – his Immortality seemingly caused both by the Cryogenic effect of the ice, and by his wife's curse – haunts Underground caverns beneath the eponymous Island in the northern wilds of America. Eventually he floods this warren, which has been used by smugglers to store bootleg liquor and other loot; but survives ...

Pragnell, Festus

Working name of Frank William Pragnell (1905-1977), UK police constable, clerk and author who was known all his life by his father's first name, Festus (even in the 1911 census, his wedding banns and his own will: "Frank William, known as Festus"). He began to publish work of genre interest in the US Pulp magazines with "The Venus Germ" for Wonder Stories in November 1932 with R F Starzl, his own byline here being F Pragnell; one story, "Monsters of the Moon" (1937 Tales of Wonder) appeared as ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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