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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Lanza, Clara

(1859-1939) US author, a marquise by marriage into the Italian nobility in 1878, whose Mr Perkins' Daughter (1881) flirts with Amnesia on the skirts of the fantastic; her sf novel, Scarabaeus: The Story of an African Beetle (1892) with James Clarence Harvey (1865-1945), features a camera capable of photographing the past (see Time Viewer), a scene in which retinal images identify a murderer (a commonplace of speculative forensics at this time; see Scientific Errors), while carrying its cast to ...

Cultural Engineering

A phrase not especially common in sf Terminology, although what it refers to is fundamental to the genre. The idea of humans deliberately altering the nature of alien cultures (or of Aliens doing it to us), or indeed of doing the same to isolated cultures on Earth or colony worlds, is often evoked in sf – sometimes approvingly, slightly more often disapprovingly. This is especially so in stories in which Anthropology, Colonization of Other Worlds and Sociology are dominant themes. ...

Thorpe, Francis Newton

(1857-1920) US historian, political scientist and author, whose second novel, The Spoils of Empire: A Romance of the Old World and the New (1903), locates a Lost Race in the Mexico of late Aztec times. [JC]

Weird and Occult Library

UK pocketbook magazine, three numbered, undated issues 1960; published by G G Swan, London; no editor named, but was Gerald Swan (1902-1981). Weird and Occult contained a mixture of weird, sf and mystery stories, most of which had been gathering dust in Swan's drawer since World War Two. Unlike its companion, Science Fiction Library, the fiction was mostly by British writers including A M Burrage and John Russell Fearn. Like its companion it was in such small print that it was difficult to ...

Mandel, George

(1920-2021) US Comics artist who drew some Superhero figures including The Woman in Red – first seen in Thrilling Comics #2 (March 1940) and identified as the first female masked crime-fighter – Black Marvel for Timely and Blue Bolt for Novelty, until he was badly wounded in World War Two. / Mandel then turned to writing, beginning with the early Beat novel Flee the Angry Strangers (1952). Of sf interest is Crocodile Blood (1985), a tale Equipoisal between rationalized horror ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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