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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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The word "dystopia" is the commonly used antonym of "eutopia" (see Utopias) and denotes that class of hypothetical societies containing images of worlds worse than our own. An early user of the term was John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), in a parliamentary speech in 1868, but its recent fashionableness probably stems from its use in Quest for Utopia (1952) by Glenn Negley (1907-1988) and J Max Patrick (1908-?   ). Anthony Burgess argued in 1985 (1978) that "cacotopia" would be a more ...

Sturgeon, Theodore

(1918-1985) Working name of US author born Edward Hamilton Waldo in New York City, later adopting his stepfather's surname and taking on a new first name; Argyll (1993 chap) prints a long anguished letter Sturgeon wrote to his stepfather, plus an autobiographical essay from 1965, both of which more than confirm the hints of emotional turmoil implied by these name changes; partner of Jayne Tannehill 1976-1985. Certainly Sturgeon early suffered or entered into several exiles: illness cut him off ...

Clark, Cumberland

(1862-1941) UK author, frequently on William Shakespeare, whose Dystopia, Fairy Tales of Socialism (1927), is a humorous Satire of Bolshevism. [JC]

Rheingold, Howard

(1947-    ) US online entrepreneur, editor and author, whose fiction consists of two series: the Sisterhood sequence beginning with Mama Liz Drinks Deep (1973); and the Savage Report sequence, comprising Jack Anderson Against Dr Tek! (1974) and Savage Report #2: War of the Gurus (1974), a Near Future Satire recording the attempts of a conservative conspiracy to take over America. Much of his nonfiction popularizes advances in the internet; he may have invented the term ...

Amazing Colossal Man, The

Film (1957). Malibu/AIP. Produced and directed by Bert I Gordon. Written by Mark Hanna and Gordon, from a story by Gordon. Cast includes Cathy Downs, William Hudson and Glenn Langan. 81 minutes. Black and white. / An attempt to duplicate the commercially successful pathos of The Incredible Shrinking Man (1957) by reversing its procedure, The Amazing Colossal Man has an army officer exposed to the radiation from a "plutonium bomb" and consequently growing to 60ft (18m) tall. Poignant ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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