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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Friend, Oscar J

(1897-1963) US literary agent, editor and author who worked for the Standard Magazine chain on Captain Future, Startling Stories and Thrilling Wonder Stories during 1941-1944, a period when these magazines were most specifically aimed at adolescents. The editorial director at the time was Leo Margulies, with whom Friend later edited three anthologies (see below). After the death of Otis Adelbert Kline in 1946, Friend became head of Kline's literary agency. / Friend was intermittently active ...

John, Owen

(1918-1995) UK author, mostly of spy thrillers, whose Computer Takes All (1967) as by John Bourne visualizes a Dystopian outcome to the rise of the Computer; and whose Haggai Godin sequence sometimes comes close to sf, especially The Shadow in the Sea (1972), which ventures into Near Future territory in its description of a mysterious Russian submarine off the British coast. [JC]

Frost, Thomas

(1821-1908) UK author of radical leanings – he was particularly active in the 1840s as a Chartist and as a writer who came close to espousing revolutionary actions – perhaps best known for his first volume of autobiography, Forty Years' Recollections, Literary and Political (1880). The North Pole, and Charlie Wilson's Adventures in Search of It (dated 1876 but 1875) as "By The Author of 'The Realm of the Ice King'" is a Fantastic Voyage tale whose young protagonist, maturing fast on ...

Kluge, Alexander

(1932-    ) German film maker, controversialist and author, most of his fiction (around a thousand titles) being in the form of the short story. He is of sf interest for Lernprozesse mit tödlichem Ausgang (coll 1973; trans Christopher Pavsek of title novel only as Learning Processes with a Deadly Outcome 1996), set partly in a Ruined Earth venue, some time after World War Three has almost totally destroyed the planet. Most of the remaining humans live in Underground ...

Mroƶek, Slawomir

(1930-2013) Polish cartoonist, playwright and author, most of his output being absurdist dramas (see Fabulation) beginning with Policja ["The Police"], published in 1958. Several of these are assembled in Six Plays (coll trans N Bethell 1967); a further play, Vatzlav (1970; trans Ralph Manheim 1970 chap), is set in a mythical metamorphosis-engendering tyranny evocative of the works of Franz Kafka. The short stories in Slón (coll 1957; trans Konrad Syrop as The Elephant 1962) and The ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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