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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Creature from Black Lake

Film (1976). Howco International Pictures/Cinema Shares International Distribution. Produced by Jim McCullough Sr. Directed by Joy N Houck Jr. Written by Jim McCullough Jr. Cast includes John David Carson, Jack Elam, Dennis Fimple, Roy Tatum, Dub Taylor and Bill Thurman. 91 minutes. Colour. / University of Chicago anthropology students Pahoo (Fimple) and Rives (Carson) hear reports of a Bigfoot-like creature (see Apes as Human) inhabiting swamplands near Oil City, Louisiana, and take a trip ...


Most Western sf readers associate Poland principally with the work of Stanisław Lem, whose books, widely published, much appreciated, and thoroughly scrutinized in the West, had a profound impact on the field. Lem still remains an iconic figure both in and out of Poland, while his enormous worldwide popularity more or less directly inspired the interest in the earlier Fantastika (John Clute's umbrella term seems particularly useful in this context, in part because of its Central- and ...

Campbell, Alice

(1887-1955) US-born author, in Europe from early adulthood and in the UK from around 1919, active as a writer until 1950; most of her works are detective fictions, though her first, Juggernaut (1928), filmed as Juggernaut (1936) directed Henry Edwards and starring Boris Karloff, has some sf interest: Karloff plays a Scientist driven to murder in order to complete his Invention of a cure for paralysis and other conditions. Desire to Kill (1934) features a villain based on Aleister Crowley [see ...

Hjortsberg, William

(1941-2017) US screenwriter and author, much of whose work – like his first novel, Alp (1969), or his third, Toro! Toro! Toro! (1974) – hovers Equipoisally between a mildly gonzo Western American Magic Realism and genuine Fabulation. Gray Matters (1971), which is sf, grounds its fantastic episodes in a future Utopia where people are reborn (see Reincarnation) from entombment as Hive-Mind "Cerebromorphs" within an enormous Cybernetic complex only when they have achieved some ...

Berry, Jedediah

(1977-    ) US editor and author who began to publish work of genre interest with "Inheritance" in The Fairy Tale Review for 2007, and although his work is not generally thought of as sf, his first novel, The Manual of Detection (2009), imparts very considerable Equipoisal energy to the story of Charles Unwin, a detective whose investigations into his predecessor's apparent triumphs gradually unpack a deeply insecure world. Beleaguered by colleagues in the detective agency ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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