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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
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Turner, Ron

(1922-1998) UK illustrator and Comics artist who took early inspiration from the gaudy sf covers of Amazing Stories and Astounding Science-Fiction. He was illustrating for the Boys' Paper Modern Wonder as early as 1940, and went on to produce many covers for 1950-1954 sf titles by John Russell Fearn writing as Vargo Statten, Volsted Gridban and other pseudonyms. These show Turner's fondness for bright colours, boldly unsubtle designs and massive hardware. In the 1960s his comics work included ...

Gears of War

Videogame (2006). Epic Games (EG). Designed by Cliff Bleszinski. Platforms: XB360 (2006); Win (2007). / Gears of War is a squad-based Third Person Shooter which shares much with the same developers' earlier First Person Shooter Unreal (1998). The setting is an interstellar colony planet, ravaged by subterranean Aliens known as the "Locust Horde" and defended by the titular human soldiers. The tone is that of the more Clichéd kind of Military SF; Gears features orbital laser weapons ...

Toxic Avenger, The

Film (1984). HCH/Troma/Palan. Directed by Michael Herz, Samuel Weil. Written by Joe Ritter, based on a story by Lloyd Kaufman. Cast includes Mitchell Cohen, Andree Maranda and Mark Torgl. 100 minutes, cut to 79 minutes. Colour. / After a cruel practical joke is played on him, a teenage nerd falls into a barrel of toxic waste in Tromaville, New Jersey, "Toxic Waste Capital of America". He mutates (see Mutants) into the low-budget Superhero the Toxic Avenger and is compelled to murder bad ...

Vigliante, Mary

Working name of Mary Vigliante Szydlowski (1946-    ), who has also published sf as by Jarl Szydlow; she writes woman-centred tales whose taste for violence has struck from the first a note of ambivalence. Titles include The Ark (1978) as by Jarl Szydlow and the Aftermath Books, a Post-Holocaust sequence comprising The Colony (1979) and The Land (1979). Also as Vigliante she has published two similar tales: Source of Evil (1979) and Worship the Night (1982). Unlike most ...

Sneyd, Steve

(1941-2018) UK poet, Poetry critic, bibliographer, publisher and editor who (having an American mother) gained a transatlantic perspective from growing up in both the UK and US. He published several short sf stories, mostly in Amateur Magazines, beginning with "The Duke of Oldfranc" in SFinx #9 for March 1974. His many collections include several volumes of sf poetry, beginning with Bad News from the Stars (coll 1989 chap) [see Checklist for further titles]. Through his Small Press, Hilltop ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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