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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books


In the Mythology of the Old Testament the Messiah is the deliverer of prophecy, destined to lead the Jews to their salvation; the New Testament claims that Jesus Christ was the Messiah. The term is applied by analogy to any saviour or champion whose arrival is anticipated, hoped for or desperately needed. Because Christian images of the future have always been associated with ideas of the Millennium and the Apocalypse, a preoccupation with messiahs in the futuristic fiction of Western culture ...

Browne, Howard

(1908-1999) US author and editor who worked 1942-1947 for Ziff-Davis where, among other responsibilities, he was managing editor of Amazing Stories and Fantastic Adventures, then under Raymond A Palmer's editorship. He contributed stories to the magazines, two serials about the Tarzan-like prehistoric adventurer Tharn being published also in book form as Warrior of the Dawn: The Adventures of Tharn (December 1942-January 1943 Amazing; 1943) and The Return of Tharn (October-December 1948 ...

Stirring Science Stories

US Pulp magazine, changing to letter-size for the final issue. Four issues February 1941 to March 1942, all edited by Donald A Wollheim. The first three issues were published bimonthly by Albing Publications which then ceased operating with heavy printing debts, and the company was taken over by Ben Sangor who operated as Manhattan Fiction Publications and sought to continue some of the magazines, including one final issue of Stirring which appeared nine months later but had been compiled long ...

Reitmeister, Louis Aaron

(1903-1975) US author of If Tomorrow Comes (1934), a Utopia in which an Alien from another planet, given a tour by two humans, one of whom constantly deprecates Earthly civilization; the alien in turn extols life on the planet Jedelar, whose inhabitants are unfailingly rational, needing no government to keep them in check. [JC]

FEAR: First Encounter Assault Recon

Videogame (2005). Monolith Productions (MP). Designed by Craig Hubbard. Platforms: Win (2005); XB360 (2006); PS3 (2007). / FEAR is a First Person Shooter which merges the psychological horror of the Japanese film Ring (1998) with the kinetic violence of John Woo's Hong Kong action film Hard Boiled (1992). The player character is a new recruit to FEAR, a secret US military unit tasked with responding to "paranormal" incidents. As in Half-Life (1998), the protagonist is silent; other ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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