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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 August 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Bangs, Elly

(1986-    ) US playwright and author, first active as by Elliott Bangs, their first play being "Magnified and Sanctified" (first performed 2004 FringeACT Festival, Seattle), in which the ending of the Cold War leads possibly to a new apocalypse. Their first novel, The Loiterers (2011) as by Elliott Bangs, complexly describes in Young Adult terms a Near Future Dystopian America transmogrified into a single deeply Polluted continent-spanning City, whose inhabitants live in the ...

Saunders, Norman

(1907-1989) US artist who was active in Comics and especially the Pulp magazines, later working on paperbacks and trading cards. Some work was signed simply Blaine, his middle name. Saunders began painting pulp magazine covers in 1935, his first straight sf cover being for the August 1938 Marvel Science Stories. Other sf magazines to which he contributed covers or interiors include Amazing, Dynamic Science Stories, Famous Fantastic Mysteries, Fantastic Novels and Planet Stories. Saunders ...

Gibson, Edward

(1936-    ) US Skylab astronaut whose sf novel, Reach (1989), set in the more remote Near Future, argues for a continuation of the space programme via the story of an expedition sent to discover the nature of an Alien lifeform. This proves unfriendly; but the case for human exploration of our potential domain is presented with commendable clarity. In the Wrong Hands (1992), set on the twenty-first-century Moon, describes a Genetic Engineering initiative gone awry, due to the ...

Kloor, Mary Conway

(?   -    ) US author whose sf novel is My Beloved Troshanus (1963), a romantic love story which deals with Sex and Gender issues through a strong female lead character. [JC/DRL]

Lofting, Hugh

(1886-1947) UK civil engineer and author, mostly in the USA from 1912, though he joined the Irish Guards in 1916, was severely wounded in 1917 and invalided out. It was during his period in the trenches that – like some other central creators of twentieth century fantasy, including J R R Tolkien (see World War One) – he began to create a fantasy universe, at least in part to sidestep a world that had gone catastrophically wrong; Lofting's response was to draft early versions of ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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