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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Raphael, Rick

(1919-1994) US author and journalist who began publishing sf with "A Filbert is a Nut" for Astounding in November 1959 and established a considerable reputation in the field with a comparatively small output of about ten stories, most of them assembled in The Thirst Quenchers (coll 1965) and Code Three (fixup 1966). The first contains four good stories, the best of which is the title story about professionals in a future where Earth's water is carefully rationed, their job being its proper ...

Creature that Ate Sheboygan, The

Board and counter Wargame (1979). Simulations Publications Inc (SPI). Designed by Greg Costikyan. / Creature is an entertaining and highly playable game inspired by such 1950s B-movies as Godzilla (1954) (see Gojira) and The Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954). One player constructs a gigantic Monster, equipping it with abilities drawn from a list including flaming breath, flight, spinning giant webs and radioactive emissions, and attacks the eponymous American town, with the goal of ...

Thomson, Amy

(1958-    ) US author whose first novel, Virtual Girl (1993), cunningly updates the Icon of the female Robot, long a locus for uneasy speculation among older sf writers (see Feminism). Maggie, the protagonist of this Near-Future tale, is an AI and consequently illegal, as independent artificial intelligences have been outlawed. More humanely, less sharply, but with a happier outcome than the robot Bildungsromanen for which John Sladek became best-known, Virtual Girl carries ...

Wall, A

(1828-1906) UK author, almost certainly the Victorian writer on photography, actor, playwright, journalist and painter Andrew Henry Wall, who also served as the Librarian of the Shakespeare Memorial Library in Stratford. He is the author of two novels of some sf interest: A Romance of N'Shabé: Being a Record of Startling Adventures in South Central Africa (1891) with Andrew A Anderson, set in Zimbabwe, where the last descendants of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba demonstrate to their ...

Chambers, John

(1922-2001) US makeup artist and medical technician. Chambers first began to learn such techniques performing reconstructive surgery and designing prosthetic limbs for wounded soldiers while serving in World War Two. Chambers is of most importance to sf for his work on the Alien race the Vulcans featured on the original Star Trek (1966-1969) Television series – for which he moulded Spock's famously pointed ears – and as principal designer of the ape makeup for Planet of the Apes ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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