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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 26 September 2022
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Sabin, Edwin L

(1870-1952) US author and historian best known for his heavily researched boys' adventure novels. He began as a journalist with a penchant for poetry and his early fiction is light-hearted, almost presaging P G Wodehouse in its eccentricity. The Magic Mashie and Other Golfish Stories (coll 1902) is a volume of humorous golfing stories a few of which verge on the fantastic, such as "The Supersensitive Golf-Ball" about a golf-ball that reacts to the player's emotions (see Games and Sports). A ...

Alternate Worlds

An alternate world – some writers and commentators prefer the designation "alternative world" on grammatical grounds – is an account of Earth as it might have become in consequence of some hypothetical alteration in history. Many sf stories use Parallel Worlds as a frame in which multiple alternate worlds can coexist, sometimes interacting with one another. Previous editions of this encyclopedia discussed Alternate History under the Alternate Worlds heading; the general trend of ...

Bornstein, Kate

(1948-    ) US performance artist, playwright and author whose Nearly Roadkill: An Infobahn Erotic Adventure (1996) with Caitlin Sullivan is an sf tale whose two protagonists meet in a Near Future Cyberspace where in theory they can play sophisticatedly with their own and others' gender identities (see Feminism; Sex; Women in SF); but the net has succumbed to government tyranny. In response they foment and lead a successful insurgency against oppression. Bornstein's initial ...

Rosny jeune, J-H

Pseudonym of Belgian author Séraphin Justin François Boëx (1859-1948); in the form "J-H Rosny" this pseudonym was initially used by his elder brother, Joseph-Henri-Honoré Boëx (see J-H Rosny aîné), and was subsequently shared by both brothers 1893-1907: only after that date did Joseph-Henri-Honoré Boëx use the form J-H Rosny jeune. His interest in sf was very much less intense than his older brother's, and it seems unlikely that he had ...

Borden, Mary

(1886-1968) US-born poet and author, in the UK from about 1908, beginning her career with two feminist romans à clef (she had had an affair with Wyndham Lewis), The Mistress of Kingdoms (1912) and Collision (1913), as by Bridget Maclagan. After funding and running a field hospital in France during World War One, which affected her deeply, she published some highly regarded war poems. Her sf Fabulation, Jehovah's Day (1928), conflates the mythic figure of Eryops, the Mud Puppy, who ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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