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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Winchester, Simon

(1944-    ) UK journalist and author, for many years resident in the USA, a citizen of that country from 2011, active as a journalist from the 1960s. He is the author of several nonfiction studies of world politics, many of which edge into Futures Studies territory, including Pacific: The Ocean of the Future (2015), which takes a sharply negative view of Japanese industries. He is of specific sf interest for the Near Future Pacific Nightmare: How Japan Starts World War III: ...

Liljencrancz, Ottilie A

(1876-1910) US author whose first novel, The Thrall of Leif the Lucky: A Story of Viking Days (1902), is a Lost Race tale set in the Arctic; two of her subsequent tales, The Vinland Champions (1904) and Randvar the Songsmith: A Romance of Norumbega (1906), similarly introduce Prehistoric SF and Nordic Saga elements into their romanticized take on the North-Eastern coast of pre-Columbian America. [JC]

Klune, TJ

(1982-    ) US author most whose Young Adult fiction has focused on gay and LGBTQ issues; of these, the best known is probably The House in the Cerulean Sea (2020), a complex fantasy set partly on an Island inhabited by childhood imagos of various creatures of legend (see Mythology; Supernatural Creatures); the protagonist determines to collaborate with others to save them from a grotesque world. The earlier Immemorial Year sequence beginning with Withered + Sere (2016), is ...

Esenwein, J Berg

(1867-1946) US author of (chiefly) how-to-write books, and editor of the usually accepted candidate for the first exclusively science-fictional Anthology, which was also sf's first Original Anthology: Adventures to Come (anth 1937). Despite this primacy, its actual impact on the genre was nil. It has been suggested that the eight contributors – none of whom appears to have published anything else – were pseudonyms for Esenwein himself, or perhaps students of his 1902-1928 writing ...

Sparhawk, Bud

Working name of US author John C Sparhawk (1937-    ), who began to publish work of genre interest with "The Tomkins Battery Case" in Analog for August 1976, his best known short work being the Sam Boone sequence of tales beginning with "Sam Boone and the Thermal Couple" (October 1995 Analog), about a helterskelter but competent human who deals with visiting Aliens from various parts of the galaxy and their complicated crises. These relatively unusual examples of Humour in ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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