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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Videogame (1998). Valve. Platforms: Win (1998); rev PS2 (2001). / Half-Life is a First Person Shooter, notable for its depth of narrative immersion (see Game Design). It was the first FPS in which a storyline was presented without the use of non-interactive scenes interposed between levels set in different locations. Instead, the story is integrated with the gameplay, using such techniques as overheard conversations and prescripted events triggered by player actions. While the storyline ...

Crosskey, N J

(?   -    ) UK professional carer and author whose first novel, Poster Boy (2019), confronts its Young Adult cast with a very Near Future Dystopian UK, distinguished from the land of the time of its publication by the mandatory insertion of electronic chips in all citizens, and other typical manifestations of a right-wing surveillance state. The young begin to revolt. Overdrawn (2019) does not much vary in its depiction of the world surrounding the tale told, ...

Barlow, Joel

(1754-1812) US diplomat and author, mostly abroad, in France and the UK and elsewhere, from 1788. He is of sf interest for his book-length patriotic poem (see Poetry), The Vision of Columbus (1787; exp vt The Columbiad 1807), the first version of this narrative being a Christian, conservative, nationalistic attempt to create an American Myth of Origin [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. Between the publication of the two versions, Barlow became a supporter of the government ...

Gateway Game

A gateway game is a term used in board, card and tabletop gaming (see Board Games; Card Games; Role Playing Games) to denote a Game that is easy to play and understand, and which is suitable for a player who may not be familiar with the above genres or a specific subgenre. Semiotically, the term implies that these games open the gates for novice players and allow them entry to the world of gaming. / Gateway games frequently present simplified versions of rules or concepts used in more ...

Year 24 Group

["Nijūyo-nen-gumi"] Critical shorthand used in Japanese Manga Fandom and academia to describe the community of female creators who transformed girls' comics in the 1970s, making a striking and enduring impact on multiple genres, including sf (see Women SF Writers). The name derives from the happenstance that several of the prime movers in the field were born in or around 1949, the 24th year of the reigning Shōwa Emperor, Hirohito. For similar reasons, they are sometimes parsed in ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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