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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 August 2022
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THX 1138

Film (1971). American Zoetrope/Warner Bros. Directed by George Lucas. Written by Lucas, Walter Murch, from a story by Lucas. Cast includes Robert Duvall, Maggie McOmie and Donald Pleasence. 88 minutes, restored to 95 minutes. Colour. / A subterranean future society is governed repressively by Computers and bland human technocrats who keep the population under control with Drugs. Everyone wears white clothing, heads are shaven, and sexual intercourse is forbidden (breeding is by artificial ...

Riddell, J L

(1807-1865) US chemist, botanist, inventor and author of Orrin Lindsay's Plan of Aerial Navigation, with a Narrative of his Explorations in the Higher Regions of the Atmosphere, and his Wonderful Voyage Round the Moon! (1847 chap), a hoax narrative clearly indebted to Edgar Allan Poe's "Hans Phaall – A Tale" (June 1835 The Southern Literary Messenger), both exemplifying the complex interrelation between hoax and Thought Experiment significant in the shaping of twentieth-century Hard SF. ...

Meeker, Nathan Cook

(1817-1879) US journalist with the New York Tribune; developer who, backed by his editor Horace Greeley (1811-1872), founded the Union Colony in the Colorado Territory on Utopian lines; and Indian Agent for the federal government, in which capacity he was killed by Utes driven to that extremity by his insistence that they take up farming and observe the Christian Religion; and author. He is of sf interest for his Lost Race tale, Life and Adventures of Capt. Jacob D Armstrong (1852 chap) ...

McGuire, Seanan

(1978-    ) US filker (see Filk), Internet presence and prolific author, who also writes as by A Deborah Baker and Mira Grant; she began publishing work of genre interest with "Lost" in Ravens in the Library: Magic in the Bard's Name (anth 2009) edited by SatyrPhil Brucato and Sandra Buskirk, and became prominent very quickly, winning the John W Campbell Award for best new writer in 2010. She shared the newly introduced Hugo for best fancast with other presenters of the ...

Swerling, Anthony

(1944-2004) UK author of The Cambridge Plague: An Illustrated Fantasia on the Social and Sexual Climate Generated by the Descent of the Plague on a Cambridge of the Future (1971), a Near Future Satire, heavily illustrated by the author, whose premise is amply expounded in its subtitle. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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