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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Bilal, Enki

Working name of Yugoslavian-born Comics illustrator, film director and author Enes Bilalović (1951-    ), in France from 1960; a very distinctive, innovative and original creator of sensuous, decadent futures. He attended the Académie des Beaux Arts briefly in the early 1970s. In 1971 he won a competition to create an sf Comic-strip story run by the magazine Pilote, in which he subsequently published a number of strips later collected in book form as L'appel des ...

Hawton, Hector

(1901-1975) UK author and humanist, at one time managing director of the Rationalist Press Association; he wrote mostly detective thrillers between about 1934 and 1957. The Col. Max Masterson sequence – Tower of Darkness (1950), Blue-Eyed Buddha (1951), Black Emperor (1952) and The Lost Valley (1953) – verges on sf, the final volume being a Lost-Race tale set in the Himalayas, where Soviet intervention via one-man helicopters (see Inventions) threatens world peace. Operation ...

SF Music

This article is in two parts: 1, Science Fiction in Classical Music; 2, Science Fiction in Popular Music. For discussion of music as it is portrayed in sf, see Music. / 1. Science fiction in classical music / The fullest interaction between sf and music is in the broad sense a twentieth-century phenomenon, although there are various examples of earlier classical music that treats of or finds aural structure for sf, some of it surprisingly early. It is fair to say that sf music, broadly, ...

Windsor, William

(1857-?   ) US phrenologist and author of Loma, a Citizen of Venus (1897), in which the eponymous Extraterrestrial from Venus sojourns on Earth, demonstrating his effortless superiority to Homo sapiens, initially by saving a pregnant woman from drowning. He takes her case as a demonstration of the inadequacy of Earth's patriarchy-obsessed Religions, and also of the general maltreatment of women (see Feminism; Women in SF), which blights the human species. As he explains, ...

Merritt, A

(1884-1943) US editor, real-estate developer and author, primarily of Fantasy and Science Fantasy though he was influential among sf writers and readers as well. His first years were occupied with newspaper journalism; he was a longtime assistant editor of The American Weekly, becoming editor-in-chief in 1937 and remaining so until his death. Though his fiction was written as a sideline to this busy career between 1917 and 1934, which may explain why his output was small compared to most ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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