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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Reitmeister, Louis Aaron

(1903-1975) US author of If Tomorrow Comes (1934), a Utopia in which an Alien from another planet, given a tour by two humans, one of whom constantly deprecates Earthly civilization; the alien in turn extols life on the planet Jedelar, whose inhabitants are unfailingly rational, needing no government to keep them in check. [JC]

White, Ared

(1880-1941) US military officer and author, one of the organizers of the American Legion in 1919; Camp White in Oregon was named for him. Of his numerous stories and four novels, two books are sf. Attack on America (1939) describes a weakened, unprepared USA of the very Near Future attacked through Mexico by an international coalition dominated by Germany; as with its model, George Chesney's The Battle of Dorking (May 1871 Blackwood's Magazine; 1871 chap), most of the book consists of vivid ...

Litt, Toby

(1968-    ) UK author, mostly of nonfantastic work, though some of the stories assembled in Adventures in Capitalism (coll 1996) apply metafictional estrangements (see Postmodernism and SF) to a world clearly porous to manipulation (see Media Landscape). Deadkidsongs (2001) similarly presses against thematic material – in this case an anticipated Russian Invasion – in a manner conspicuously close to allegory; and there are fantasy elements in Finding Myself ...

Futrelle, Jacques

(1875-1912) US author and theatrical manager, on the editorial staff of the Boston American; he was one of four authors of sf (the others are John Jacob Astor, F D Millet and W T Stead) known to have gone down with the Titanic. The stories assembled in his Thinking Machine collections about the scientific detective Professor Augustus S F X Van Dusen – The Thinking Machine [for subtitle see Checklist] (coll 1907; vt The Problem of Cell 13 1929) and The Thinking Machine on the Case (coll ...

Buiza, Carlos

Working name of Spanish editor and author Carlos Álvarez Buiza de Diego (1940-    ). He belongs to the so-called second generation of Spanish science fiction writers, along with Domingo Santos, Gabriel Bermúdez Castillo, Ángel Torres Quesada, Carlos Saiz Cidoncha, Juan G Atienza (1930-2011), Alfonso Álvarez Villar (1930-1981), Luis Vigil (1940-2019), Jaime Rosal del Castillo (1945-2019), Juan Tébar (1941-    ), ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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