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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Lindsay, Vachel

(1879-1931) US poet, the clanging visionary primitivism of whose best-known work – the poems assembled in The Congo and Other Poems (coll 1914) – may have been ingenuous; some of the poems in Going-to-the-Sun (coll 1923) are of sf interest (see Poetry), one of them being adapted by John Clute for his sf novel Appleseed (2001). His Cinema criticism – assembled in The Art of the Moving Picture (coll 1915) and The Progress and Poetry of the Movies: A Second Book of Film Criticism ...

Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home

Film (1986). Paramount. Directed by Leonard Nimoy. Written by Steve Meerson, Peter Krikes, Harve Bennett, Nicholas Meyer, based on a story by Nimoy and Bennett. Cast includes the lead players from the Star Trek television series, along with Catherine Hicks. 119 minutes. Colour. / Returning to Earth on their captured Klingon spacecraft to stand trial for exceeding orders in various ways (see Star Trek III: The Search for Spock [1984]), Kirk and the crew of the (late) Enterprise are faced ...

Swedenborg, Emanuel

(1688-1772) Swedish scientist, philosopher and theologian. The first half of his career was devoted to investigations into a number of scientific fields, from mathematics and physics to geology, during which period, in letters written in 1714-1715, and elsewhere, he suggested the possibility of winged flying machines. In 1743-1745 he underwent a visionary experience, after which most of his writings became mystical. These later writings, which influenced the British poet William Blake ...


Japanese animated film (1995). Madhouse, Bandai Visual, Kōdansha. Directed by Koji Morimoto, Tensai Okamura, Katsuhiro Ōtomo. Written by Satoshi Kon, Katsuhiro Ōtomo. Cast includes Yū Hayashi, Hideyuki Hori, Tsutomu Isobe and Gara Takashima. 113 minutes. Colour. / A three-part anthology movie based on stories by the creator of Akira (1988), who here signs over the bulk of the work to his colleagues. The opening piece "Magnetic Rose", is heavily influenced by Andrei ...

Cultural Engineering

A phrase not especially common in sf Terminology, although what it refers to is fundamental to the genre. The idea of humans deliberately altering the nature of alien cultures (or of Aliens doing it to us), or indeed of doing the same to isolated cultures on Earth or colony worlds, is often evoked in sf – sometimes approvingly, slightly more often disapprovingly. This is especially so in stories in which Anthropology, Colonization of Other Worlds and Sociology are dominant themes. ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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