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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
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Harris, Clare Winger

(1891-1968) US author, daughter of F S Winger. Though Francis Stevens had published widely in magazines like Argosy and as early as July 1923 in Weird Tales, Harris seems to have been the first woman to initiate her publishing career in the specialized 1920s sf Pulp magazines in America, beginning with "A Runaway World" for Weird Tales in July 1926 as by Mrs F C Harris. The Fate of the Poseidonia (June 1927 Amazing; 2011 ebook), in which Martians (see Mars) attempt to steal Earth's water, won ...

Fialko, Nathan

(1881-1960) Soviet author, resident in the USA from 1903, whose uneven sf novel, Novyĭ Grad (The New City) (1925; trans and rev Fialko as The New City: A Story of the Future 1937), depicts first Soviet then US society, taking a firmly Dystopian view of both, life in the Epoch of Regularity governing a Near Future USSR being savagely regimented, and class wars torturing America. Yevgeny Zamiatin's We (1924) has plausibly been suggested as influencing this work. [JC]

Serial Films

In the early days of Cinema there was a considerable vogue for serial films divided into chapters or episodes intended for separate screening in weekly instalments, a famous nonfantastic example being the 20-part General Film Company/Eclectic Film Company melodrama The Perils of Pauline (1914), directed by Louis J Gasnier and Donald MacKenzie with the much-menaced Pearl White in the title role. Later serials introduced the tradition of breaking off at cliffhanger situations to be resolved in ...

Eve of Destruction

Film (1991). Orion. Directed by Duncan Gibbons. Written by Gibbons, Yale Udoff. Cast includes Gregory Hines and Renee Soutendijk. 98 minutes. Colour. / Soutendijk is good, both as Eve, a Defense Department scientist, and as Eve VIII, the military Robot that she creates in her own image. Armed with endless firepower and a nuclear bomb, the robot destroys the men Eve secretly hates, several male chauvinists and the police who try to stop her. Some critics see Eve VIII as a female "terminator" ...

Doctor X

Film (1932). First National/Warner Bros. Directed by Michael Curtiz (1888-1962). Written by Robert Tasker, Earl Baldwin, based on a play by Howard W Comstock and Allen C Miller. Cast includes Lionel Atwill, Preston Foster, Lee Tracy and Fay Wray. 77 minutes. Original prints two-strip Technicolor; later black and white. / A series of cannibalistic murders committed when the Moon is full is investigated by reporter Lee Taylor (Tracy) and medical expert Dr Jerry Xavier (Atwill), the latter ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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