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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 June 2022
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Wolfe, Gary K

(1946-    ) US academic and author, associated with Roosevelt University in Chicago since 1971; as Dean of University College between 1981 and 1990; married to Dede Weil from 1997 until her death in 2000. Some of his earlier essays, like "The Known and the Unknown: Structure and Image in Science Fiction" (in Many Futures, Many Worlds, anth 1977, ed Thomas B Clareson), prefigured the typology of sf he presented in full in his most significant scholarly work, The Known and the ...

Orchideengarten, Der

Germany large-quarto-size magazine, initially printed on Pulp paper. Fifty-one issues, monthly January to July 1919, then twice a month, August 1919 to May 1921, though only the first issue dated. Full title: Der Orchideengarten: Phantastische Blätter ["The Orchid Garden: Fantastic Pages"]. Founded and published by Karl Hans Strobl through his publishing firm, Dreilander Verlag, in Munich, it was edited by Alfons von Czibulka (1888-1969). Contents primarily ranged from Gothic fantasy ...

Nichols, Robert [2]

(1919-2010) US poet and author of the Daily Lives in Nghsi-Altai sequence describing in fictionalized terms a pacific, agricultural, myth-driven Utopia, beginning with Red Shift: An Introduction to Nghsi-Altai (1977) with Peter Schumann and ending with Exile: Book IV of Daily Lives in Nghsi-Altai (1978). From the Steam Room: A Satire of Global Perspective on the Financial Ruin of New York (1993) is a Near Future Satire set in a bankrupt New York; the tale is told in a tone of hallucinated ...


Pseudonym of the unidentified author (?   -?   ), presumably UK, of the spoof lectures assembled as The Sorrows of Jupiter (coll 1904), in which fantasy – the old age of the Greek gods – is intermixed with light doses of sf: Mercury, according to George Locke, has electrified sandals; and at least one attendant civilization has descended from smart apes. [JC]

Horne, Richard Henry

(1803-1884) UK dramatist, poet and author, who changed his name to Richard Hengist Horne in 1867; credited by William Wilson as the author of what is, according to Wilson's Definition of SF, an exemplary work of "Science-Fiction": The Poor Artist, or Seven Eye-Sights and One Object: "Science in Fable" (1850; vt with added essay The Poor Artist, or Seven Eye-Sights and One Object 1871 as by Richard H Horne) anonymous, a didactic tale in which a struggling artist achieves success by reproducing ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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