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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books


Animation studio founded by William Hanna (1910-2001) and Joseph Barbera (1911-2006) in 1957 (initially as H-B Enterprises), following the closure of the MGM cartoon studio for which they had created the classic cat versus mouse series Tom & Jerry (1940-current). The studio was bought by Taft Broadcasting in 1966, then by Turner Broadcasting System (TBS) in 1991, when Barbera and Hanna moved from being company heads to advisory positions. TBS bought Hanna-Barbera to create new material and ...

Schwarz-Bart, Simone

(1938-    ) French-born author, in Guadeloupe from infancy, married to André Schwarz-Bart; of sf interest is Ti Jean L'horizon (1979; trans Barbara Bray as Between Two Worlds 1981), an Equipoisal tale tracing the life of a folk hero in mythological and sf terms; the great cloud that darkens Guadeloupe may be deemed allegorical of white Imperialism, but is described in terms which allow a literal reading. [JC]

Spielberg, Steven

(1947-    ) US producer, screenwriter and director; an amateur film-maker in his early teens, Spielberg completed his first sf feature – the 140-minute Firelight (1963) – at the age of 16; he studied English rather than film at college in California. His first professional film was Amblin' (1969), a slick short about hitch-hiking which was distributed as a support feature with the very successful Love Story (1970); it secured Spielberg a contract with Universal ...

What a Cartoon!

US animated tv series (1995-1997; vt The What a Cartoon! Show; vt World Premiere Toons). Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Cartoon Network Studios. Created by Fred Seibert. 48 seven-minute shorts. Colour. / This Television Anthology Series was intended to emulate the mid-twentieth century's golden age of cartoon shorts – as exemplified by Warner Bros. Cartoons, Disney and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer – as well as to generate new programmes, with creators being given a freer hand than usual. This ...

Hill, William Boyle

(circa 1861-1953) Irish author, resident in Australia, whose novel A New Earth and a New Heaven (1936) is of exceedingly moderate sf interest for its advocacy of a garden-city subtopian future (see City), but which comes somewhat to life on its protagonists' visit to a Lost World – in the heart of Australia – whose inhabitants are in touch with Mars. [JC]

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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