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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
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4X Game

Term used to describe a form of Videogame of which the archetypal example is Master of Orion (1993). The phrase was coined by the journalist and designer Alan Emrich in a preview of that game, as an acronym of sorts for "eXplore, eXpand, eXploit, and eXterminate". This construction is in fact something of a misnomer; while 4X Games typically involve players in exploring unknown regions, expanding into them and exploiting their resources, there is no requirement that anything be exterminated. A ...

Ingrey, Derek

(1929-1989) UK scriptwriter for television and film and author whose Post-Holocaust sf novel, Pig on a Lead (1963), describes the dead-end life of the last surviving humans in the UK – two men, who soon kill each other, and a boy Last Man figure, who survives in the company of a young Eve-figure (see Adam and Eve) and the eponymous pig. Told in a remarkable pot pourri of styles, the book makes effective use of many black-humour routines. [JC]

League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, The

Film (2003). Twentieth Century Fox. Directed by Stephen Norrington. Written by James Dale Robinson, based on the America's Best Comics Graphic Novel The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen Vol. 1 (1999-2000; graph 2000) by Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill. Cast includes Sean Connery, Tony Curran, Jason Flemyng, Richard Roxburgh, Naseeruddin Shah, Stuart Townsend, Shane West and Peta Wilson. 110 minutes. Colour. / Made by filmmakers clearly unfamiliar with the nineteenth-century fictional ...

Je T'aime, Je T'aime

Film (1967). Parc/Fox Europa. Directed by Alain Resnais. Written by Resnais, Jacques Sternberg. Cast includes Anouk Ferjac, Olga Georges-Picot and Claude Rich. 94 minutes, cut to 82 minutes. Colour. / A failed suicide is co-opted into a dangerous scientific experiment; he is to be sent back into the past for one minute. The experiment has proved safe for mice, but humans are conscious of time and memory in a way that animals are not, and the protagonist is trapped in a series of ...

Accel World

Japanese animated tv series (2012). Original title Akuseru Wārudo. Based on the Light Novels by Reki Kawahara. Sunrise. Written by Hiroyuki Yoshino. Directed by Masakazu Ohara (as Masakazu Obara). Voice cast includes Shintaro Asanuma, Rina Hidaka, Yuuki Kaji, Sanae Kobayashi, Sachika Misawa, Nobuo Tobita and Aki Toyosaki. 24 24-minute episodes, plus eight shorts and two OVAs. Colour. / In the Near Future of 2046, Haruyuki Arita (Kaji) is thirteen, short and fat; bullied at his Tokyo ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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