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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Tolan, Stephanie S

(1942-    ) US author, almost exclusively of fiction for younger children and Young Adults. In a prolific career she has written relatively little sf. After a supernatural fantasy, Who's There? (1994), she began the Ark Trilogy, comprising to date Welcome to the Ark (1996) and Flight of the Raven (2001), initially set in an isolated Keep known as the "Ark", whose inhabitants are place there to escape a world riven with stress; four gifted children establish a gestalt there ...

Authentic Science Fiction

UK magazine. 85 issues, 1 January 1951 to October 1957, published by Hamilton & Co, Stafford, fortnightly to #8 then monthly, issues numbered consecutively, no volume numbers; edited by L G Holmes (Gordon Landsborough) (January 1951-November 1952), H J Campbell (December 1952-January 1956) and E C Tubb (February 1956-October 1957). Pocketbook-size January 1951-February 1957, Digest-size March-October 1957. #1 and #2 were entitled Authentic Science Fiction Series, #3-#8 Science Fiction ...


Subliminal Advertising and indoctrination once formed a minor focus of sf Paranoia. The technique, dating back to the 1950s, uses briefly displayed words or images intended to affect the human mind without being consciously perceived. In real life its effectiveness is debatable; it is often considered a branch of Pseudoscience, although occasional contrary reports continue to appear. Sf treatments include Frederik Pohl's comic story "The Wizards of Pung's Corners" (October 1958 Galaxy), with ...

Day, Martin

(1968-    ) UK scriptwriter and author, latterly identified with Doctor Who owing to his novel Ties to that sequence. He has also written several nonfiction books on various Television areas of interest. Of his novelizations, Doctor Who: The Sleep of Reason (2004) has received considerable praise for its tight plotting and intimate scale, as a young woman who has attempted suicide finds herself immured in a mysterious Retreat haunted by Monsters. [JC]


A term used to describe a Magazine format, in contrast to, for example, Slick or Pulp, which are both larger. The format was made popular by the Reader's Digest, which first appeared in February 1922, though at that time the word "digest" meant that the magazine was presenting a selection of material from a wide range of other sources and thus making it "digestible" to the reader. The word referred to the content, not the size, but that original meaning has long since been superseded. / The ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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