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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 10 January 2022
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Swedin, Eric G

(1965-    ) US author whose first novel, When Angels Wept: A What-If History of the Cuban Missile Crisis (2010), is an alternate world Future History of America from the Jonbar Point which engines it – America's failure to detect Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba sets off World War Three – and through the Post-Holocaust period immediately following the devastation. It won the Sidewise Award for 2010. / Swedin's next novel, Anasazi Exile: A Science Fiction Novel ...

Chikyū Bōeigun

Film (1957; vt The Mysterians; vt Earth Defense Force). Toho/MGM. Directed by Inoshiro Honda. Written by Takeshi Kimura, based on a story by Jojiro Okami. Cast includes Akihiko Hirata, Kenji Sahara and Yumi Shirakawa. 89 minutes. Colour. / This Japanese sf Pulp epic is about Alien invaders, their own planet destroyed by nuclear Holocaust, who land in Japan seeking women for breeding purposes. Its memorable images, best observed at midnight in a drive-in cinema, include a giant birdlike ...


Videogame (1998). Blizzard Entertainment (BE). Designed by James Phinney, Chris Metzen. Platforms: Win (1998); Mac (1999); vt Starcraft 64, N64 (2000). / Starcraft is a Real Time Strategy game, played in a two-dimensional overhead view. Its setting owes much to the films Aliens (1986) and Predator (1987). The storyline follows a war between three factions in a Space Opera future, the Terran Confederacy (analogous to Aliens' Marines), the arthropodal Hive-Mind Zerg (which share something ...

Stevens, Isaac N

(1858-1920) US lawyer and author of The Liberators: A Story of Future American Politics (1908), in which two young men – an idealist who derives his passion for justice from the example of Abraham Lincoln, and his enormously wealthy friend – work to transform a Near Future America into a land where all will be treated with fairness; all Transportation companies, and other potential trusts, are nationalized (see Politics). Most of the tale is set in New York, with long passages ...

Ditko, Steve

(1927-2018) US Comics artist and writer, active from around 1953, his first professional assignment of genre interest being "Stretching Things" by Bruce Hamilton (1900-1974), which was eventually published in Fantastic Fears #5 for February 1954 [for a more detailed description of Ditko's early fantasy and other work, see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. A long, complicated but mutually fruitful association with Jack Kirby began about this time; Ditko also did his first work for ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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