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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Pandemic [game]

Board Game (2007). Z-Man Games. Designed by Matt Leacock. / Pandemic is a cooperative board game for 2-4 players. Players must work together in order to prevent the Pandemic outbreak of four simultaneous diseases in hotspots around the world by travelling to international locations and fighting the contagion using their individual abilities. This early cooperative strategy board game is a Gateway Game (which see) and was nominated for multiple awards on first release. / Pandemic is ...

France, Anatole

Working name of Jacques Anatole-François Thibault (1844-1924), French author active from the early 1860s until his death; he won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1921. His essayistic "pagan" Satires seem perhaps less relevant now than formerly, their amused rationality failing to bite with sufficient savagery into targets like official religion and sexual prudery. Of sf interest are Sur la pierre blanche (1904 l'Humanité; coll of linked stories 1905; trans Charles E Roche as The ...

Signs

Film (2002). Touchstone Pictures (see The Walt Disney Company) presents a Blinding Edge Pictures/Kennedy/Marshall production. Directed by M Night Shyamalan. Written by Shyamalan. Cast includes Abigail Breslin, Rory Culkin, Mel Gibson and Joaquin Phoenix. 106 minutes. Colour. / Superficially, Signs is an alien Invasion movie, told from the perspective of an American farming family who are directly threatened by a handful of Aliens during the larger attack against Earth. At its heart, it is a ...

Alien Nine

Japanese Original Video Animation (OVA) (2001-2002). Original title Eirian Nain. Based on the Manga by Hitoshi Tomizawa. J.C.Staff. Directed by Jiro Fujimoto and Yasuhiro Irie. Written by Sadayuki Murai. Voice cast includes Aya Hisakawa, Juri Ihata, Rei Sakuma, Kaori Shimizu and Noriko Shitaya. Four 30-minute episodes. Colour. / Twelve-year-old Yuri Otani's (Ihata) class elects her to be one of that year's Alien fighters. A trio, the school's other fighters are strong-willed Kumi Kawamura ...

Lewis, Charles Bertrand

(1842-1924) US journalist and author whose career under his own name began before the American Civil War, and who also published as by M Quad, using this name mainly for his humorous work (most notably the Mr Bowser series) and adventure fiction. In Under Five Lakes; Or, the Cruise of the "Destroyer" (1886) as by M Quad a Lost World is discovered in a series of subterranean caverns under the Great Lakes (see Under the Sea) during the American Civil War. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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