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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Nau, John-Antoine

Pseudonym of US-born poet and author Eugène Léon Édouard Torquet (1860-1918), in France from 1866, his life from this point until his death being unusually peripatetic. His only published novel, La Force Ennemie (1903; trans Michael Shreve as Enemy Force 2010), which won the first Prix Goncourt in 1903, is of sf interest. Embedding its central premise in a jungle-jim of imagery from the surreal edge of Fantastika, the tale depicts the ordeals of its protagonist who, locked ...

Cameron, James

(1954-    ) Canadian-born film-maker. Originally a special-effects man and art director with Roger Corman's New World – where he worked on Battle beyond the Stars (1980), Android (1982) and several others including Escape from New York (1981), for which New World did the special effects – Cameron made an inauspicious debut as director with Piranha II: Flying Killers (1981; vt Piranha II: The Spawning) (see Piranha); Cameron was removed from the film and his own ...

Waugh, Evelyn

(1903-1966) UK author, known mostly for a series of black inter-War Satires, such as Decline and Fall (1928) and A Handful of Dust (1934), and for Brideshead Revisited: The Sacred and Profane Memories of Captain Charles Ryder (1945). Some of his early novels utilize imaginary African countries for satirical purposes; in Black Mischief (1932), the Azanian Empire occupies a great Island very similar to Madagascar, and in Scoop (1938), the inland dominion of Ishmaelia, in part as remote as any ...

Perkins, Lucy Fitch

(1865-1937) US author of the loose Twins sequence of tales for older children, beginning with The Dutch Twins (1912). The various tales are linked by the fact that each features twins; there is no other continuity in the series. The only story with sf interest is The Cave Twins (1916), a fairly typical Prehistoric SF narrative whose twin protagonists are responsible for many culture-improving Inventions as their tribe migrates across interesting territories in search of a new homeland; ...

Brunngraber, Rudolf

(1901-1960) German industrial designer and author, active for many years. In his sf novel Radium: Roman eines Elements (1936; trans Eden and Cedar Paul 1937), a near-contemporary corner on the radium market (see Elements) causes Near Future troubles in a hospital using it as a Medicine to cure cancer. He also wrote the script for the film 1 April 2000 (1952), which speculates melodramatically on the day – that is, 1 April 2000 – when Austria may be given full independence. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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