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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Nagaoka Shūsei

Working name of Shūzō Nagaoka (1936-2015), a Japanese artist who specialized in graphic design and album cover Illustration. Nagaoka was born in Nagasaki but raised on the remote island of Iki in south-west Japan; his first published work appeared in the magazine Chūgakusei no Tomo ["Middle Schooler's Friend"] in 1955, before he had finished high school. He dropped out of Musashino Art University in 1958 to pursue a career in commercial art, and established an art studio in ...

Barbor, H R

(1893-1933) UK journalist, poet, playwright and author whose Against the Red Sky: Silhouettes of Revolution (1922), a Near Future tale set in Britain, posits a successful left-wing working-class revolution (see Politics) which establishes a government sanely balanced between public and private enterprise. [JC]

Forever Magazine

US sf and fantasy monthly Online Magazine, published in Ebook form and edited by Neil Clarke as a companion to Clarkesworld. It began in February 2015 and usually features a novella each issue supported by two short stories and, for the first fifteen issues, by an interview with the author of the novella. Stories are selected from a variety of print and online sources, usually from within the last few years and seldom older than twenty years. It provides readers with a useful background in high ...

RoboCop 3

Film (1992, but released late 1993). Orion. Directed by Fred Dekker. Written Frank Miller and Dekker based on a story by Miller based on characters created by Edward Neumeier and Michael Miner. Cast includes Nancy Allen, Robert Burke, John Castle, Jill Hennessy, Remy Ryan and Rip Torn. 104 minutes. Colour. / With each sequel, life has been leached from the original RoboCop (1987) scenario, remembered for its witty and satirical sadism, first by RoboCop 2 (1990) and then by RoboCop 3. (The ...


To trace an Italian sf tradition is not easy, because of the well-established split in Italy between scientific language and "literary culture". It is of some relevance to read Dante Alighieri's great poem La divina commedia (circa 1304-1320 in manuscript; first printed edition 1472; trans Henry Cary as The Divine Comedy 1814) as a sort of sf journey; Dante used his theological allegory to create a world that in terms of medieval consciousness was perfectly real. But it may be more fruitful to ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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