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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
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Interactive Narrative

The outcome of any given game is inherently uncertain, since it must be possible to win or lose (or, in the case of Toy Games, to play at will). Yet stories, as normally understood, should have a beginning, a middle and an end, and only one of each. Games which include stories – referred to in this encyclopedia as Interactive Narratives – have thus proved difficult to design. There has also been considerable debate as to whether it is desirable, or even possible, that games have ...

Torgersen, Brad R

(1974-    ) US healthcare computer technician and author who, after a least one student publication at the beginning of the twenty-first century, began to release work of genre interest with "Extanastasis" in L Ron Hubbard Presents Writers of the Future, Volume XXVI (anth 2010) edited by K D Wentworth. Most of his work can be described as adventure-oriented Hard SF, with stories appearing frequently in Analog; a considerable proportion of his output has been assembled in ...

Fountain, The

Film (2006). Warner Brothers Pictures and Regency Enterprises present a Protozoa Pictures/New Regency/Muse Entertainment Enterprises production. Directed by Darren Aronofsky. Written by Aronofsky & Ari Handel. Cast includes Ellen Burstyn, Hugh Jackman and Rachel Weisz. 96 minutes. Colour. / A conquistador seeks the tree of life to save his queen from death, in an unfinished novel by the dying wife of a present-day oncologist racing to find a cure for her brain tumour who stumbles ...

Puzo, Mario

(1920-1999) US author, best known for The Godfather (1969); he is of sf interest for The Fourth K (1990), a Near Future political thriller in which President Francis Xavier Kennedy takes the opportunity of the partial destruction of Manhattan (see New York) by Islamic terrorists to introduce authoritarian measures, ostensibly in order to save America. Puzo also co-wrote the screenplays for Earthquake (1974), Superman (1978) and Superman II (1980). [JC]

Prisoner, The

UK tv series (1967-1968). An Everyman Films production for ATV. Produced by David Tomblin. Created, starring and partly written and directed by Patrick McGoohan (1928-2009); other writers included George Anthony Skene, Terence Feely; other directors included Don Chaffey, Pat Jackson. Script edited by George Markstein. Theme music by Ron Grainer. 17 50-minute episodes. Cast includes McGoohan, Leo McKern, Angelo Muscat, Peter Swanwick. Colour. / In this Kafka-esque, sf-related series a UK ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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